Prairie restoration is an ecologically friendly way to restore some of the prairie land that was lost to industry, farming and commerce. For example, the U.S. state of Illinois alone once held over 22 million acres (89,000 km²) of prairie land and now just 2,000 acres (8 km²) of original prairie land exist.
Many prairie plants are also highly resistant to drought, temperature extremes, disease, and native insect pests. They are frequently used for xeriscaping projects in arid regions of the American West.
A restoration project of prairie lands can be large or small. A backyard prairie restoration will enrich soil, help with erosion and take up extra water in excessive rainfalls. Prairie flowers are attractive to native butterflies and other pollinators. On a larger scale, communities and corporations are creating areas of restored prairies which in turn will store organic carbon in the soil and help maintain the biodiversity of the 3000 plus species that count on the grasslands for food and shelter.
If controlled burns are not possible, rotational mowing is recommended as a substitute.
Another large restoration project finds its home on the ample area of Fermilab; a U.S. governmental atomic accelerator laboratory located in Batavia, Illinois. Fermilab's 6,800 acres (28 km²) sit a top fertile farmland and the prairie restoration project consists of approximately 1000 acres (4 km²) of that. This project began in 1971 and continues today with the help of Fermilab employees and many community teachers, botanists and volunteers.
PRESCRIBED BURNS MAY NEED TO INCLUDE BOTH SUMMER AND WINTER FIRES AGRILIFE RESEARCH DETERMINES BEST COMBINATION FOR GRASS REGROWTH.
Nov 05, 2010; COLLEGE STATION, TX -- The following information was released by the Texas AgriLife Extension Service: By: Kay Ledbetter,...
Recovery of vegetation following a wild fire on the margins of tidal flats, Padre Island National Seashore, Texas.
Nov 01, 2003; AbstractRecovery of halophytic vegetation on the margin of tidal flats following a wildfire at Padre Island National Seashore,...