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While the Ceratopogonidae (biting midges) are serious biting pests, and can spread the livestock diseases Blue Tongue and African Horse Sickness, the other midge families are not. Most midges, apart from the gall midges (Cecidomyiidae), are aquatic during the larval stage. Some Cecidomyiidae (e.g., the sorghum midge) are important plant pests. The larvae of some Chironomidae contain haemoglobin and are sometimes referred to as bloodworms.
For further information concerning specific groups, consult their entries.
MIDGE LURE; This Device Could Mean the End of Bloodsucking Midges, Claim Scientists Who Say It May Save the Scots Tourist Industry Millions of Pounds
May 28, 2003; Byline: LINDSAY CLYDESDALE AUSTRALIA has the Great White Shark, Spain, the bloodsucking mosquito, and Scotland - the biting...