The superficial temporal vein
is a vein of the side of the head.
It begins on the side and vertex
of the skull in a plexus
which communicates with the frontal vein
and supraorbital vein
, with the corresponding vein of the opposite side, and with the posterior auricular vein
and occipital vein
From this network frontal and parietal branches arise, and unite above the zygomatic arch to form the trunk of the vein, which is joined by the middle temporal vein emerging from the temporalis muscle.
It then crosses the posterior root of the zygomatic arch, enters the substance of the parotid gland, and unites with the internal maxillary vein to form the posterior facial vein.
The superficial temporal vein receives in its course the following: