Miamisburg (mye-AM-iz-burg) is a city in Montgomery County, Ohio, United States. The population was 19,489 at the 2000 census. Miamisburg is known for its large industry (mainly for its nuclear operations during World War II) and retail factors (such as the Dayton Mall), but is mainly known for being the home to the Miamisburg Mound. Many large corporations are located in Miamisburg such as LexisNexis, Dayco, and Isotec. Miamisburg borders Miami Township, Springboro, and West Carrollton. Miamisburg is part of the Greater Dayton Area. Miamisburg's mascot is the Viking.
By 1827, the Miami and Erie Canal was under construction which passed through the community and made transportation of people and goods very convenient. The formal opening took place in January 1829, when the “Governor Brown” was the first packet boat to go through the settlement. Also that year the first boats from Cincinnati had arrived and passed through Miamisburg to get to Dayton. By 1834 the canal had been extended to Piqua and many businesses along the river grew. The 1840s and the 1850s were brought the best to the canals. The canal can also be credited for bringing in new Irish citizens during the famine in Ireland. A local resident George Kinder shipped bags of food to Ireland also containing his addresses and many papers stating that he is hiring immigrant workers. Years later there was a surge of Irish immigrants to the area and surrounding cities. But by the early 1900s the Canal was abandoned and later replaced by highways.
Miamisburg was the site of one of the first post-war U.S Atomic Energy Commission facilities, beginning in 1947. The Dayton area had supported numerous secret operations for the War Department during World War II. As the war ended the majority of these operations were moved to the Miamisburg Mound Laboratory which was operated by the Monsanto Chemical Company. The primary purpose of Mound Labs was to monitor all aspects of the US nuclear defense stockpile.
The Mound Plant, built in 1947, was situated on a 306–acre site in the city south of Dayton. The workers, who numbered more than 2,000 at the height of the production, made plutonium detonators for nuclear weapons. Their work was very classified. The plant had a small army of security guards and was ringed by chain-link fencing and razor wire. When the Cold War ended, the plant discontinued the detonator work but continued the make a generators for space probes. In May 1993 U.S Department of Energy decided to end the all productions at the Mound. This move would affect 2,100 employees in the local area. By 1996 cleanup of radioactive and hazardous waste was the main activity at the Plant. Local business had to decide what would become of the empty plant.
Miamisburg and its surrounding region’s climate are dominated by a humid continental climate, characterized by hot, muggy summers and cold, dry winters. Miamisburg is prone to severe weather because of its location in the Midwestern section of the United States. Tornadoes are possible from spring to fall. Floods, blizzards, and severe thunderstorms can also occur. A few disasters have hit Miamisburg. In 1869, a tornado was reported in Miamisburg on June, 9th, allegedly hitting the northwest part of town destroying roofs, chimneys and uprooted trees. Linden Avenue Bridge was also destroyed. There also have been blizzards that struck the town in 1978, 2004, and 2008. In 1913 the Great Dayton Flood destroyed most of the city. The slightest precipitation has a direct positive correlation to the flooding of locations such as Rice Field, which are right on the banks of the Great Miami River.
Miamisburg is generally known as a walkable community where shopping, dining, recreational, and religious destinations are easily accessible by foot. Miamisburg is also part of the Greater Dayton Regional Transit Authority which has many routes located throughout the city. The key point of travel with the RTA is the Dayton Mall. There are no airports in Miamisburg but there are airports in nearby cities, such as Springboro. The main airport for the city is the James M. Cox Dayton International Airport. There are also small public airports including:
There are also many taxi companies that provide service in the area.
Miamisburg makes up Miamisburg City Schools. There are nine schools that make up the district. There is Miamisburg High School (1972), Wantz Middle School (1927), Bauer Elementary (1967), Bear Elementary (1956), Mark Twain Elementary (1950), Medlar View Elementary (1999), Mound Elementary (1955), Neff Elementary (1962-was formally the old High School), Kinder Elementary (1906). Across the street from Wantz Middle School was the old high school which was torn down in 1983. Miamisburg is ranked third in the Dayton Area for the best academic rate scores. Miamisburg has won the “Excellent District Award” in 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, and again in 2006. Miamisburg High School was recognized as a National Blue Ribbon School of Excellence in 1997. Both Wantz Middle School and Kinder Elementary were awarded Blue Ribbon Awards in the early 2000s.
After several failed attempts, the Miamisburg community finally passed a $78.5 million bond issue on March 4, 2008. The issue will raise about $23 million for an addition and renovation project at Miamisburg High School and $31 million for a new middle school to serve 1500 students in grades 6-8. The bond issue also include $11 million for a seventh elementary school for 550 students, $11 million for an addition/renovation project combining historic Kinder Elementary School and Neff Elementary, and $4 million for security enhancements to all other buildings in the district. Construction should be complete in 2010 for the high school and elementary school projects and 2011 for the new middle school.
Miamisburg has a varied culture dating back to the 1700s. Miamisburg is home to a variety of popular buildings located throughout the city. North of Miamisburg in Dayton are home to more well known buildings such as the Victoria Theatre, Benjamin and Marian Schuster Performing Arts Center, Fifth Third Field, and the Fraze Pavilion in Kettering; and north of Dayton sits Hara Arena.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.4 square miles (29.5 km²), of which, 11.2 square miles (29.0 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (1.67%) is water.
There were 7,449 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $48,316, and the median income for a family was $56,996. Males had a median income of $41,918 versus $28,045 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,504. About 4.6% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.