The Great Miami River (also called the Miami River) is a tributary of the Ohio River, approximately long, in southwestern Ohio in the United States.
The Great Miami flows through Dayton, Piqua, Troy, and Sidney.
The river is named for the Miami, an Algonquian-speaking Native American people who lived in the region during the early days of European settlement.
The region surrounding the Great Miami River is known as the Miami Valley, an economic-cultural region centered primarily on the Greater Dayton area.
The main course of the Great Miami River rises from the outflow of Indian Lake
in Logan County
, about South-East of the village of Russells Point
, approximately South-East of Lima
. Indian lake is an artificial reservoir
which receives the flow from the North and South forks of the Great Miami River. It flows South and South-West, past Sidney
, and is joined by Loramie Creek
in northern Miami County
. It flows south past Piqua
, and through Taylorsville Dam
near Tipp City
. It continues through Dayton
, where it is joined by the Stillwater
and the Mad
rivers and Wolf Creek
From Dayton it flows South-West past Miamisburg, Middletown and Hamilton in the South-Western corner of Ohio. In South-Western Hamilton County it is joined by the Whitewater River approximately upstream from its mouth on the Ohio River, just East of the Ohio-Indiana state line, approximately West of Cincinnati.
Natural and human history
The Miami and Erie Canal
, which connected the Ohio River with Lake Erie
, was built through the Great Miami watershed. The first portion of the canal, from Cincinnati
was operational in 1828, and extended to Dayton in 1830.
Water from the Great Miami fed into the canal.
A later extension to the canal, the Sidney Feeder, drew water from the upper reaches of the Great Miami from near Port Jefferson
. The canal served as the principal route of transportation for western Ohio until being supplanted by railroads in the 1850s.
Following a catastrophic flood in March, 1913, the Miami Conservancy District was established in 1914 to build dams and levees and to dredge and straighten channels to control flooding of the river.
The Great Miami River
has also been known as:
- Assereniet River
- Big Miami River
- Gran Miammee Fiume
- Grande Miami Riviere
- Great Miama River
- Great Miamia River
- Great Miammee River
- Great Mineami River
- Miami River
- Riviere a la Roche
- Rocky Fiume
- Rocky River
- Big Mineamy River
- Great Miamis River
- Great Miyamis River
- Miamis River
- Riviere La Rushes
- Rockey River
- Arthur Benke & Colbert Cushing, Rivers of North America, Elsevier Academic Press, 2005 ISBN 0-12-088253-1