is a city and seaport
, on the northwestern tip of Java
. The port and town are named after the Green Peafowl
, which once lived in the region, but is now very rare. The port is connected to Jakarta
via Jakarta-Merak Toll Road
The port is a service provider for Indonesia's largest concentration of petrochemical
facilities along the Merak peninsula. More than 40 petrochemical plants operate near the seaport, an increase from two in 1990. in 2007 Shell Oil
announced plans to expand its Merak port operations with the construction of a $US52 million oil storage tank.
Domestic exports are handled by a busy ferry route from Merak to Bakauheni, across the Sunda Strait on the southern tip of Sumatra. The ageing ferry fleet and poor supporting infrastructure have been identified as restrictions on the port's domestic efficiency.