Definitions

melliferous

Melliferous flower

A melliferous flower is a plant which produces substances that can be collected by insects and turned into honey. Many plants are melliferous, but only certain examples can be harvested by honey bees, because of their physiognomy (body size and shape, length of proboscis, etc.) Apiculture classifies a plant as melliferous if it can be harvested by domesticated honey bees.

The table below lists some of the known melliferous plants, and indicates the flowering period, as well as the resources harvested by bees (Nectar, pollen, propolis, and honeydew). It is worth noting that each plant does not produce the same quantity or quality of these resources, and even among species the production can vary due to region, plant health, climate, etc.

Plant table

Plains plants

Image Common name Latin name Flowering months Nectar Pollen Propolis Honeydew

Acacia (Robinia "false acacia") robinia pseudacacia 05-06 X X . .
Corn poppy papaver rhoeas 04-05 . X . .
Common Dogwood cornus sanguinea 05-06 X X . .
Ribes ribes rubrum 04-05 X X . .
European holly ilex aquifolium 05-06 X X . .
Hedera helix hedera helix 09-10 X X X .
White mustard sinapis alba 05-09 X X . .
Hazel corylus avellana 01-03 . X . X
Dandelion taraxacum officinale 05-06 X X . .
Salix caprea salix caprea 02-04 X X . .
White clover trifolium repens 05-07 X X . .
Coltsfoot tussilago farfara 02-04 . X . .

Mediterranean plants

Image Common name Latin name Flowering months Nectar Pollen Propolis Honeydew

Almond prunus dulcis 02-04 X X . .
Strawberry tree arbutus unedo 10-01 X . . .
Buxus buxus sempervirens 04-05 X X . .
Viburnum tinus viburnum tinus 02-06 X X . .
Rosemary rosmarinus officinalis 11-04 X X . .
Thyme thymus vulgaris 04-09 X . . .

Mountain plants

Image Common name Latin name Flowering months Nectar Pollen Propolis Honeydew

Garden angelica angelica sylvestris 07-08 X X . .
Arnica montana arnica montana 07-08 X X . .
Erica erica cinerea 07-09 X X . .
Calluna calluna vulgaris 08-10 X X . .
Sweet chestnut ''castanea sativa 06-07 X X . X
Milk thistle Silybum marianum 07-08 X X . .
Fireweed epilobium angustifolium 07-09 X X . .
Acer platanoides acer pseudoplatanus 03-04 X X X X
Acer pseudoplatanus acer platanoides 05-06 X X . X
Raspberry rubus idaeus 06-07 X X . .
Gentiana lutea gentiana lutea 07-08 X X . .
Hellebore helleborus niger 01-04 X X . .
Boxthorn lycium barbarum 07-08 X X . .
Blueberry vaccinium myrtillus 05-06 X X . .
Snowdrop galanthus nivalis 01-03 X X . .
Rhododendron Rhododendron ferrugineum 06-08 X X . .
Silver fir abies alba 05 . X . X
Savory satureja montana 07-08 X . . .
Wild thyme thymus serpyllum 06-09 X . . .
Rowan sorbus aucuparia 05-06 X X X .

Cultured plants

Image Common name Latin name Flowering months Nectar Pollen Propolis Honeydew

Sunflower helianthus annuus 07-08 X X . .
Lavender Lavandula intermedia 06-07 X X . .

Search another word or see melliferouson Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature