Melchers, Gari, 1860-1932, American figure, genre, and portrait painter, b. Detroit, studied in Düsseldorf and Paris. In Holland he painted the canvases of Dutch peasant life that established his reputation. His decorations painted for the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago (1893), are now in the library of the Univ. of Michigan. In 1914, Melchers settled permanently in the United States and devoted himself primarily to portraits and mural paintings. Among his works are Madonna (Metropolitan Mus.) and portraits of President Theodore Roosevelt (Freer Coll., Smithsonian Inst., Washington, D.C.) and Charles Hutchinson (Art Inst., Chicago).