" is a term popularized by William Gibson
derived from the combination of the prefix mega-
with the word corporation
. It has become a term popularly used in cyberpunk
literature. It refers to a fictional corporation that is a massive conglomerate
, holding monopolistic
or near-monopolistic control over multiple markets (thus exhibiting both a horizontal and a vertical monopoly). Megacorps are so powerful that they can ignore the law
, possess their own heavily-armed (often military
-sized) private armies, hold 'sovereign
' territory, and possibly even act as outright governments
. They often exercise a large degree of control over their employees, taking the idea of 'corporate culture
' to an extreme. Such organizations are a staple of science fiction long predating cyberpunk, appearing in the works of writers such as Robert A. Heinlein
(Citizen of the Galaxy
), Robert Asprin
(The Cold Cash War
) and Andre Norton
(the Solar Queen novels
It is generally felt that no real megacorps currently exist in the real world. Even the largest multinational corporations (MNCs) do not possess anywhere near the same level of direct power as is seen in the megacorps of cyberpunk literature. The South Korean chaebols and the Japanese Zaibatsu, it may be argued, come closest to fitting the role of megacorps in today's world, at least on a national level. In Nigeria, multinational oil companies are heavily intermingled with the local police, who act as their corporate security forces. Historically, there were similarities between megacorps and the large trading companies of the 17th and 18th century mercantilist period, such as the Dutch East India Company, as well as resource exporting companies such as United Fruit, which effectively controlled several Central American governments up through the 1960s.
List of fictional megacorps
- Abstergo from Assassin's Creed
- Arasaka, from the Cyberpunk 2020 role-playing game
- Ares Macrotechnology, from the Shadowrun role-playing game
- Axon corporation, from the Unreal series of video games
- Aztechnology - Shadowrun
- Blok - A fictional company that rules the world of Quillan in the seventh book of the The Pendragon Adventure, The Quillan Games.
- Blue Sun, from Firefly and Serenity
- Brawndo, from Idiocracy
- Buy n Large - from the movie Wall-E, becomes the world's government
- CabalCo, from the first person shooter Blood II: The Chosen
- The Cartel from the Afterworld web series. Holds almost complete trade and business control of a post-apocalyptic United States in which 99% of the population has disappeared. Founded by economic purists in the hope that a free market economy could restore order.
- CHOAM, from the book Dune
- Cinque Flèches, from Blood+
- The Company from the story "The Lottery in Babylon" by Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges
- Comstar, from the Battletech science-fiction game franchise
- Conglom-O, from Rocko's Modern Life
- Corporate Sector Authority and Commerce Guild, from the Star Wars universe
- Czerka Corp from Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic.
- Dan Halen Sheetrock International from Squidbillies
- DBA in Solaris has its own ships, stations and security force. It isn't clear whether they are benign or sinister; may be a government contractor.
- Eurocorp Syndicate, from Syndicate Wars
- Frobozz Magic Company, later named Frobozz Electric from the Zork Series
- Fuchi Industrial Electronics, later renamed NovaTech - Shadowrun
- Gadgetron, from the Playstation 2 and 3 games, Ratchet & Clank, Ratchet & Clank: Up Your Arsenal, Ratchet & Clank: Size Matters, Ratchet & Clank Future: Tools of Destruction
- GENOM, from Bubblegum Crisis
- Globalsoft from We Will Rock You, a corporation that takes over the planet and its inhabitants, renaming it 'Planet Mall' and banning musical instruments
- Itexicon Corporation from the Maximum Ride book series by James Patterson
- Izanagi corporation, from the Unreal series of video games
- Jennings & Rall, from Jericho
- Jupiter Mining Corporation, from Red Dwarf
- Kanemitsu, the Japanese multinational that buys out OCP in Robocop 3
- Kramer Associates, from For want of a Nail.
- LexCorp/LuthorCorp, Wayne Enterprises, Sivana Industries, and several others in the DC Universe.
- Liandri corporation, from the Unreal series of video games
- Ling-Standard Products, from Traveller
- MASSIVE DYNAMIC, from the TV series Fringe
- Megacorp, from the Playstation 2 game, Ratchet & Clank: Going Commando
- McCandless Corporation, from the movie Freejack
- Mishima Heavy Industries, from the Nuku Nuku anime
- Mitsuhama - Shadowrun
- Mongo Co. - Skate 2
- Omni Consumer Products (OCP), from RoboCop and spinoffs
- Omni-Tek, from the science fiction MMORPG Anarchy Online
- Page Industries from the video game Deus Ex
- Paradigm Corporation, from the anime The Big O
- Pentex, from the World of Darkness roleplaying games.
- Pharmacom Industries, from the movie Johnny Mnemonic
- Phayder Corporation, from the Unreal series of video games
- PTMC, from the Descent series of video games
- RAMJAC, from Kurt Vonnegut's Jailbird
- Rudbeck and Associates from Heinlein's Citizen of the Galaxy
- Shinra Electric Power Company, from Final Fantasy VII
- Sirius Cybernetics Corporation is a fictional company from Douglas Adams' The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.
- Stark Industries, from Marvel Comics Iron-Man along with its rival Stane International which Stark buys out and its future descendant Stark-Fujikawa. Also known as Stark International.
- Supergiant Conglomerated Corp., from the This Modern World comic strip by Tom Tomorrow
- Tamerlane from the movie War, Inc. rules and controls the fictional country of Turaqistan as well as fighting "the first war to be outsourced to a private enterprise".
- Tessier-Ashpool S.A., from William Gibson's Sprawl trilogy (particularly Neuromancer)
- Trade Federation, from Star Wars
- The Transnats, from the Mars Trilogy, which eventually buy out whole countries
- TriOptimum Corporation, from the System Shock video game series
- Tyrell Corporation, from Blade Runner
- Ultor Corporation from the first-person shooter, Red Faction.
- Umbrella Corporation from the Resident Evil series
- Union Aerospace Corporation also known as "The UAC", from the Doom video game series, featured most prominently throughout Doom 3
- U.S. Robots and Mechanical Men, from I, Robot novel and movie franchise
- Vector Industries, from the Xenosaga videogame series
- Vox Industries, From the Playstation 2 game, Ratchet: Deadlocked
- Weyland-Yutani, from the Alien films and spinoffs
- World Aeronautics and Robotics Corporation from the video game One Must Fall: 2097
- Xanatos Enterprises, run by David Xanatos, the main antagonist for the first two seasons of Disney's Gargoyles.
- Yamatetsu - Shadowrun
- Yotsuba Group - from the Death Note anime and manga
- Capitol, Bauhaus, Mishima, Imperial and Cybertronic - Mutant Chronicles