The Medical Service Corps
is a staff corps
of the United States Navy
, consisting of officers
engaged in medical support duties. It includes healthcare
scientists and researchers, comprising around 60% of its personnel, and healthcare administrators, comprising the remaining 40%. Many of the latter are former enlisted corpsmen, this being the Hospital Corps' route to commissioned status. The Medical Service Corps has around 2,600 serving commissioned officers
The Navy Medical Service Corps was created on 4 August 1947 by act of the United States Congress. Originally it had four specialist sections: Supply and Administration, Optometry, Allied Sciences, and Pharmacy.