Medic is a general term for a person involved in medicine, especially emergency or first-response medicine, such as an Emergency Medical Technician, Paramedic, or a military member trained in battlefield medicine. Also the term is used toward a Nurse in pre-hospital care and/or Emergency Departments. It may also refer to a medical student or, in limited settings, a physician.
Types of medics
Medic may be specifically used to refer to people in the following roles:
- Emergency Medical Technician, The procedures and skills allowed at this level are generally non-invasive such as bleeding control, positive pressure ventilation with a bag valve mask, supplemental oxygen administration, and splinting (including full spinal immobilization). In some locations, the EMT-B is trained to reduce joint dislocations - they are allowed one attempt - to reduce the risk of compartmentalization. Splinting a femur fracture may involve use of a traction splint, which will reduce the fracture. Some medications (for example, epinephrine for anaphylactic shock (severe allergic reaction) administered through an autoinjection device such as an EpiPen) can only be administered or "assisted" to a patient with a prior prescription. Training requirements and treatment protocols vary from area to area.
- * EMT Basic, the entry certification level.
- * EMT Intermediate, the middle certification level, between EMT-Basic and Paramedic.
- * Paramedic, a pre-hospital responder to medical and trauma emergencies that provides advanced emergency treatment.
- * Critical Care Transport Registered Nurse Critical Care Registered Nurse (CCT-RN) is a specific level of advanced pre hospital care provided by Registered Nurses trained in pre-hospital critical care.