Definitions

medal merit

National Decorations System (Romania)

The National Decorations System of Romania (Sistemul Naţional de Decoraţii) is divided into six categories, listed below. It was re-established in 1998, after a 50-year period of during which Romania used a Soviet-style system of decorations. It is very similar to the system used in Romania in the interwar period.

The list is ordered in descending order of the awards' rank in the National System of Decorations.

National decorations

  1. Ordinul naţional "Steaua României" — (Order of the Star of Romania);
  2. Ordinul naţional "Serviciul Credincios" — (National Order "Faithful Service");
  3. Ordinul naţional "Pentru Merit" — (National Order "For Merit");
  4. Crucea naţională "Serviciul Credincios" — (National Cross "Faithful Service");
  5. Medalia naţională "Serviciul Credincios" — (National Medal "Faithful Service");
  6. Medalia naţională "Pentru Merit" — (National Medal "For Merit").

Commemorative decorations

  1. Ordinul "Victoria Revoluţiei Române din Decembrie 1989" — (Order Victory of the Romanian Revolution of December 1989);
  2. Crucea Comemorativa a celui de-al doilea Război Mondial, 1941-1945 — (Commemorative Cross of the Second World War, 1941–1945);
  3. Crucea Comemorativa a Rezistenţei Anticomuniste — (Commemorative Cross of the Anti-communist Resistance);
  4. Medalia Comemorativă "150 de ani de la naşterea lui Mihai Eminescu" — (Commemorative Medal "150 Years from the birth of Mihai Eminescu").

Military decorations in time of peace

  1. Ordinul "Virtutea Militară" — (The Order "The Military Virtue");
  2. Ordinul "Virtutea Aeronautică" — (The Order "The Aeronautical Virtue");
  3. Ordinul "Virtutea Maritimă" — (The Order "The Matitime Virtue");
  4. Ordinul "Bărbăţie şi Credinţă" — (The Order "Manhood and Faith");
  5. Medalia "Virtutea Militară" — (The Medal "The Military Virtue");
  6. Medalia "Virtutea Aeronautică" — (The Medal "The Aeronautical Virtue");
  7. Medalia "Virtutea Maritimă" — (The Medal "The Matitime Virtue");
  8. Medalia "Bărbăţie şi Credinţă" — (The Medal "Manhood and Faith").

Civil decorations on domains of activity

  1. Ordinul "Meritul Agricol" — (The Order "The Agricultural Merit");
  2. Ordinul "Meritul Cultural", cat.A (literatura) — (The Order "The Cultural Merit", category A - literature);
  3. Ordinul "Meritul Cultural", cat.B (muzica) — (The Order "The Cultural Merit", category B - music);
  4. Ordinul "Meritul Cultural", cat.C (artele plastice) — (The Order "The Cultural Merit", category C - plastic arts);
  5. Ordinul "Meritul Cultural", cat.D (arta spectacolului) — (The Order "The Cultural Merit", category D - show arts);
  6. Ordinul "Meritul Cultural", cat.E (patrimoniul cultural naţional) — (The Order "The Cultural Merit", category E - national cultural patrimony);
  7. Ordinul "Meritul Cultural", cat.F (promovarea culturii) — (The Order "The Cultural Merit", category F - promoting of culture);
  8. Ordinul "Meritul Cultural", cat.G (cultele) — (The Order "The Cultural Merit", category G - religious cults);
  9. Ordinul "Meritul Cultural", cat.H (cercetarea ştiinţifică) — (The Order "The Cultural Merit", category H - scientific research);
  10. Ordinul "Meritul Cultural", cat.I (arhitectura) — (The Order "The Cultural Merit", category I - architecture);
  11. Ordinul "Meritul Diplomatic" — (The Order "The Diplomatic Merit");
  12. Ordinul "Meritul Industrial şi Comercial" — (The Order "The Industrial and Commercial Merit");
  13. Ordinul "Meritul pentru Învăţământ" — (The Order "Merit for the Education");
  14. Ordinul "Meritul Sanitar" — (The Order "The Sanitary Merit");
  15. Ordinul "Meritul Sportiv" — (The Order "The Sportive Merit");
  16. Medalia "Meritul Agricol" — (The Medal "The Agricultural Merit");
  17. Medalia "Meritul Cultural", cat.A (literatura) — (The Medal "The Cultural Merit", category A - literature);
  18. Medalia "Meritul Cultural", cat.B (muzica) — (The Medal "The Cultural Merit", category B - music);
  19. Medalia "Meritul Cultural", cat.C (artele plastice) — (The Medal "The Cultural Merit", category C - plastic arts);
  20. Medalia "Meritul Cultural", cat.D (arta spectacolului) — (The Medal "The Cultural Merit", category D - show arts);
  21. Medalia "Meritul Cultural", cat.E (patrimoniul cultural naţional) — (The Medal "The Cultural Merit", category E - national cultural patrimony);
  22. Medalia "Meritul Cultural", cat.F (promovarea culturii) — (The Medal "The Cultural Merit", category F - promoting of culture);
  23. Medalia "Meritul Cultural", cat.G (cultele) — (The Medal "The Cultural Merit", category G - religious cults);
  24. Medalia "Meritul Cultural"", cat.H (cercetarea ştiinţifică) — (The Medal "The Cultural Merit", category H - scientific research);
  25. Medalia "Meritul Cultural", cat.I (arhitectura) — (The Medal "The Cultural Merit", category I - architecture);
  26. Medalia "Meritul Diplomatic" — (The Medal "The Diplomatic Merit");
  27. Medalia "Meritul Industrial şi Comercial" — (The Medal "The industrial and Commercial Merit");
  28. Medalia "Meritul pentru Învăţământ" — (The Medal "Merit for the Education");
  29. Medalia "Meritul Sanitar" — (The Medal "The Sanitary Merit");
  30. Medalia "Meritul Sportiv" — (The Medal "The Sportive Merit").

Wartime military decorations

  1. Ordinul "Mihai Viteazul" — (The Order "Mihai Viteazul").

Note: The national decorations, the military decorations in time of peace, as well as the Order and Medal of "The Sanitary Merit" (with the war insignia) are added.

Honorific signs

  1. Semnul Onorific "Vulturul Romaniei" - (The Honorific Sign "The Eagle of Romania");
  2. Semnul Onorific "Rasplata Muncii in Serviciul Public" - (The Honorific Sign "The Reward for the Work in the Public Service");
  3. Semnul Onorific "În Serviciul Patriei" pentru ofiţeri şi funcţionari publici cu statut special - (The Honorific Sign "In the Service of the Country" for officers and special statute public functionaries);
  4. Semnul Onorific "În Serviciul Patriei" pentru maiştri militari, subofiţeri şi funcţionari publici cu statut special - (The Honorific Sign ""In the Service of the Country" for warrant officers and special statute public functionaries).

References

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