Definitions

med. l

List of Germanic and Latinate equivalents in English

This list contains Germanic elements of the English language which have a close corresponding Latinate form. The correspondence is semantic - in most cases these words are not cognates.

Source for checking: Online Etymology Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Online

Germanic source Germanic Latinate Latin source
Gmc *angus
Gmc *wraiþiþo
anger
wrath
rage
ire
rabiēs
īra
WGmc *aiskōn ask inquire
request
in + quaerere
re + quaerere
Gmc *ga-waraz aware cognizant cognoscere
Gmc *beforan before prior to prior
WGmc *beo + *ginnan begin commence com + initiāre
Gmc *ga-laubjan belief creed crēdere
Gmc *balgiz belly abdomen abdomen
Gmc *brōþar brotherly fraternal frāternus
Gmc *bugjanan buy purchase pro- + V.L. *captiare
WGmc *kalbam calf veal vitellus, vitulus
Gmc *kilþam child infant īnfāns
Gmc *kaldaz cold frigid frigidus
Gmc *kweman come arrive ad + ripa
Gmc *kōuz cow beef
cattle
bōs
V.L. capitale
Gmc *dagaz daily diurnal diurnalis
Gmc *daudaz + *likaz deadly mortal
fatal
mortālis
fatum
Gmc *deuzam deer venison venātiō/nis
Gmc *erþō earth soil solium
Gmc *austra eastern oriental orīri
Gmc *etanan eat dine V.L. diseieunare < dis + ieiunare
Gmc *anðiōn end finish
complete
discontinue
fīnīre
complēre
dis- + continuāre
Gmc *fadar + *likaz fatherly paternal paternus
WGmc *fōljan feeling sentiment
sensation
sensus, sentiō
Gmc *fullijan + *up fill up replenish re + plēnus
Gmc *furistaz first primary prīmus
Gmc *floþuz flood inundate inundāre < in + unda
Gmc *fulgian follow ensue in- + sequi
Gmc *fur-*biudan forbid prohibit prohibēre < pro + habēre
inter + dicere, dictus
Gmc *fura + *taljanan foretell predict praedīcere
Gmc *frijaz freedom liberty lībertās < līber
Gmc *frijond + *likaz friendly amicable amīcus
Gmc *gadurojan gather assemble ad + simul
Gmc *giftiz gift present prae- + essere
Gmc *geban give provide pro + vidēre
Gmc *glaþaz gladness joy
pleasure
delight
gaudium
placēre
dēlēctāre
Gmc *guþan god deity deus
WGmc *gaian + Gmc *an go on proceed pro- + cedere
Gmc *getiskanan guess estimate aestimare
Gmc *χarjaz + *berg harbour port portus
Gmc *χatojanan hate detest de- + testari
Gmc *χauχiþa height altitude altitūdō (< altus)
Gmc *χelpan help assist assistere < ad + sistere
WGmc *χannja hen pullet pullus
Gmc *χulnis hill mount mōns, montis
Gmc *aujo + *landom island isle insula
WGmc *jukkjan itch irritate irritāre
Gmc *knoean know recognize re + cognoscere
Gmc *landom land terrain terrenum < terra
Gmc *latas late tardy tardus
Gmc *laiþjan leader duke
president
dux
praesidēns
Gmc *langiþo length longitude longitūdō (< longus)
Gmc *legjan lie (lie down) repose
recline
re- + pausa
re- + clinare
Gmc *lubo loving amorous amōrōsus
Gmc *ga-makon match correspond con + respondēre
WGmc *mainijan mean intend
signify
intendere
significare
Gmc *motijan meet encounter incontrāre < in + contrā
Gmc *medjaz + *dagaz midday noon nona
Old Norse mistaka mistake error error (< errāre)
Gmc *mōdar + *likaz motherly maternal māternus
Gmc *neujaz new novel
modern
novus
modernus
Gmc *naχt + *likaz nightly nocturnal nocturnus
WGmc *alda old ancient V.L. *anteanus < ante
Gmc *anþaraz other different differre
Gmc *ukhnaz oven kiln
furnace
culina
fornax
Gmc *ridanan road street V.L. strata
Gmc *rutjan rot putrefy putrefacere
Gmc *seχwan see perceive per- + capere
Gmc *som seem appear apparere
Gmc *skapjanan shape form forma
WGmc *skæpa
Gmc *lambaz
sheep
lamb
mutton med. L. multō
WGmc *skuttjan shut close clausus
Gmc *skeuχ(w)az shy timid timidus
Gmc *seχ(w) sight vision vidēre/vīsum
Gmc *skaljo + *fullaz skillful adept adeptus < adipiscī
Gmc *slæpan sleeping dormant dormīre
Gmc *snakon snake serpent serpens
Gmc *surgo sorrow grief gravare < gravis
Gmc *sprekan
Gmc *talo
speak
talk
converse
discourse
con- + vertere
dis- + currere
Gmc *swīnam swine pork porcus
Gmc *taikijan teach educate ēdūcāre < ēdūcere
Gmc *taljanan tell relate
narrate
relatus < re- + ferre
narrare
Gmc *þankjan thinking pensive pēnsāre
Gmc *þankjan thought idea idea
Gmc *þreutanan threat danger
peril
menace
V.L. *dominarium < dominus
periculum'
minaciae'' < minari
Gmc *tungon tongue language V.L. *linguaticum < L. lingua
Gmc *under + *stand understand comprehend comprehendere
Gmc *up- + *luftijan uplifting elevating ē- + levāre
Gmc *utizon utter pronounce pro- + nunciare
Gmc *utizon utterly totally tōtālis
Gmc *wadjojan

wage salary salārium
Gmc *wakan wait expect ex + spectāre
Gmc *watskanan wash lave lavare
Gmc *wakan watch observe ob + servāre
Gmc *wakan watchful vigilant vigilāre
Gmc *wopijanan weep cry quiritare
Gmc *westra western occidental occidere
Gmc *(ga)χailaz whole entire integer
Gmc *widas width latitude latitūdō (< latus)
Gmc *wilthjiaz wild savage
feral
silvaticus < silva
fera
Gmc *wisaz wise prudent prudēns < providēns
Gmc *wunskjan wish desire desiderāre
Gmc *wiban + *manwaz womanly feminine femininus
Gmc *widuz wood (a wood) forest M.L. forestis
Gmc *jæram yearly annual annalis
WGmc *gelwa yellow ochre ochra
WGmc *jugunthiz youthful juvenile iuvenis
Gmc *juwunthiz youth adolescence adolescere < ad + alescere
* reconstructed form

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