Maykop (Майко́п; /Myequape) is a city in Russia, capital of the Republic of Adygea, located on the right bank of the Belaya River (a tributary of the Kuban), some 1,600 km south of Moscow. Population:
In 1911, oil deposits were discovered in the vicinity of Maykop.
In 1936, Maykop and the surrounding region was merged with the Adyghe Autonomous Oblast, and became the administrative center of the autonomy. Maykop was occupied by the Nazis from August 1942 to January 1943, when it was liberated by the Transcaucasian Front of the Red Army.
Since 1991, Maykop has been the capital of the Republic of Adygea in the Russian Federation.
On the south side of the town, alongside the Belaya River is the military complex housing the 131st Motor Rifle Brigade of the North Caucasus Military District, which took part in the First Chechen War.
Ethnic groups in the city (2002 data):