Definitions

mathematical symbol

Mathematical alphanumeric symbols

Mathematical alphanumeric symbols are modifications of Latin and Greek letters and decimal digits that enable mathematicians to denote different notions with different letter styles (one example is blackboard bold, called "double-struck" in Unicode terminology).

Unicode now includes many such symbols (in the range U+1D400 ... U+1D7FF).  The rationale behind this is that it enables design of special mathematical fonts that include all necessary characters in a single collection.  Those symbols should be used only in mathematical formulas;  in general text, use standard letters with markup instead.

All these letter shapes may be manipulated with MathML’s attribute mathvariant.

The letters in various fonts often have specific, fixed meanings in particular areas of mathematics. By providing uniformity over numerous mathematical articles and books, these conventions help to read mathematical formulae.

Tables

You will probably only see empty boxes or question marks in most cells of the following tables unless you have a suitable Unicode font (such as Code2001) and a browser (such as Mozilla Firefox) and operating system supporting Unicode characters outside the Basic Multilingual Plane.

Latin letters

 -   bold  italic bold italic script bold script fraktur double-
struck
bold fraktur sans-
serif
sans-
serif bold
sans-
serif italic
sans-
serif bold italic
mono-
space
A 𝐀 𝐴 𝑨 𝒜 𝓐 𝔄 𝔸 𝕬 𝖠 𝗔 𝘈 𝘼 𝙰
B 𝐁 𝐵 𝑩 𝓑 𝔅 𝔹 𝕭 𝖡 𝗕 𝘉 𝘽 𝙱
C 𝐂 𝐶 𝑪 𝒞 𝓒 𝕮 𝖢 𝗖 𝘊 𝘾 𝙲
D 𝐃 𝐷 𝑫 𝒟 𝓓 𝔇 𝔻 𝕯 𝖣 𝗗 𝘋 𝘿 𝙳
E 𝐄 𝐸 𝑬 𝓔 𝔈 𝔼 𝕰 𝖤 𝗘 𝘌 𝙀 𝙴
F 𝐅 𝐹 𝑭 𝓕 𝔉 𝔽 𝕱 𝖥 𝗙 𝘍 𝙁 𝙵
G 𝐆 𝐺 𝑮 𝒢 𝓖 𝔊 𝔾 𝕲 𝖦 𝗚 𝘎 𝙂 𝙶
H 𝐇 𝐻 𝑯 𝓗 𝕳 𝖧 𝗛 𝘏 𝙃 𝙷
I 𝐈 𝐼 𝑰 𝓘 𝕀 𝕴 𝖨 𝗜 𝘐 𝙄 𝙸
J 𝐉 𝐽 𝑱 𝒥 𝓙 𝔍 𝕁 𝕵 𝖩 𝗝 𝘑 𝙅 𝙹
K 𝐊 𝐾 𝑲 𝒦 𝓚 𝔎 𝕂 𝕶 𝖪 𝗞 𝘒 𝙆 𝙺
L 𝐋 𝐿 𝑳 𝓛 𝔏 𝕃 𝕷 𝖫 𝗟 𝘓 𝙇 𝙻
M 𝐌 𝑀 𝑴 𝓜 𝔐 𝕄 𝕸 𝖬 𝗠 𝘔 𝙈 𝙼
N 𝐍 𝑁 𝑵 𝒩 𝓝 𝔑 𝕹 𝖭 𝗡 𝘕 𝙉 𝙽
O 𝐎 𝑂 𝑶 𝒪 𝓞 𝔒 𝕆 𝕺 𝖮 𝗢 𝘖 𝙊 𝙾
P 𝐏 𝑃 𝑷 𝒫 𝓟 𝔓 𝕻 𝖯 𝗣 𝘗 𝙋 𝙿
Q 𝐐 𝑄 𝑸 𝒬 𝓠 𝔔 𝕼 𝖰 𝗤 𝘘 𝙌 𝚀
R 𝐑 𝑅 𝑹 𝓡 𝕽 𝖱 𝗥 𝘙 𝙍 𝚁
S 𝐒 𝑆 𝑺 𝒮 𝓢 𝔖 𝕊 𝕾 𝖲 𝗦 𝘚 𝙎 𝚂
T 𝐓 𝑇 𝑻 𝒯 𝓣 𝔗 𝕋 𝕿 𝖳 𝗧 𝘛 𝙏 𝚃
U 𝐔 𝑈 𝑼 𝒰 𝓤 𝔘 𝕌 𝖀 𝖴 𝗨 𝘜 𝙐 𝚄
V 𝐕 𝑉 𝑽 𝒱 𝓥 𝔙 𝕍 𝖁 𝖵 𝗩 𝘝 𝙑 𝚅
W 𝐖 𝑊 𝑾 𝒲 𝓦 𝔚 𝕎 𝖂 𝖶 𝗪 𝘞 𝙒 𝚆
X 𝐗 𝑋 𝑿 𝒳 𝓧 𝔛 𝕏 𝖃 𝖷 𝗫 𝘟 𝙓 𝚇
Y 𝐘 𝑌 𝒀 𝒴 𝓨 𝔜 𝕐 𝖄 𝖸 𝗬 𝘠 𝙔 𝚈
Z 𝐙 𝑍 𝒁 𝒵 𝓩 𝖅 𝖹 𝗭 𝘡 𝙕 𝚉
a 𝐚 𝑎 𝒂 𝒶 𝓪 𝔞 𝕒 𝖆 𝖺 𝗮 𝘢 𝙖 𝚊
b 𝐛 𝑏 𝒃 𝒷 𝓫 𝔟 𝕓 𝖇 𝖻 𝗯 𝘣 𝙗 𝚋
c 𝐜 𝑐 𝒄 𝒸 𝓬 𝔠 𝕔 𝖈 𝖼 𝗰 𝘤 𝙘 𝚌
d 𝐝 𝑑 𝒅 𝒹 𝓭 𝔡 𝕕 𝖉 𝖽 𝗱 𝘥 𝙙 𝚍
e 𝐞 𝑒 𝒆 𝓮 𝔢 𝕖 𝖊 𝖾 𝗲 𝘦 𝙚 𝚎
f 𝐟 𝑓 𝒇 𝒻 𝓯 𝔣 𝕗 𝖋 𝖿 𝗳 𝘧 𝙛 𝚏
g 𝐠 𝑔 𝒈 𝓰 𝔤 𝕘 𝖌 𝗀 𝗴 𝘨 𝙜 𝚐
h 𝐡 𝒉 𝒽 𝓱 𝔥 𝕙 𝖍 𝗁 𝗵 𝘩 𝙝 𝚑
i 𝐢 𝑖 𝒊 𝒾 𝓲 𝔦 𝕚 𝖎 𝗂 𝗶 𝘪 𝙞 𝚒
j 𝐣 𝑗 𝒋 𝒿 𝓳 𝔧 𝕛 𝖏 𝗃 𝗷 𝘫 𝙟 𝚓
k 𝐤 𝑘 𝒌 𝓀 𝓴 𝔨 𝕜 𝖐 𝗄 𝗸 𝘬 𝙠 𝚔
l 𝐥 𝑙 𝒍 𝓵 𝔩 𝕝 𝖑 𝗅 𝗹 𝘭 𝙡 𝚕
m 𝐦 𝑚 𝒎 𝓂 𝓶 𝔪 𝕞 𝖒 𝗆 𝗺 𝘮 𝙢 𝚖
n 𝐧 𝑛 𝒏 𝓃 𝓷 𝔫 𝕟 𝖓 𝗇 𝗻 𝘯 𝙣 𝚗
o 𝐨 𝑜 𝒐 𝓸 𝔬 𝕠 𝖔 𝗈 𝗼 𝘰 𝙤 𝚘
p 𝐩 𝑝 𝒑 𝓅 𝓹 𝔭 𝕡 𝖕 𝗉 𝗽 𝘱 𝙥 𝚙
q 𝐪 𝑞 𝒒 𝓆 𝓺 𝔮 𝕢 𝖖 𝗊 𝗾 𝘲 𝙦 𝚚
r 𝐫 𝑟 𝒓 𝓇 𝓻 𝔯 𝕣 𝖗 𝗋 𝗿 𝘳 𝙧 𝚛
s 𝐬 𝑠 𝒔 𝓈 𝓼 𝔰 𝕤 𝖘 𝗌 𝘀 𝘴 𝙨 𝚜
t 𝐭 𝑡 𝒕 𝓉 𝓽 𝔱 𝕥 𝖙 𝗍 𝘁 𝘵 𝙩 𝚝
u 𝐮 𝑢 𝒖 𝓊 𝓾 𝔲 𝕦 𝖚 𝗎 𝘂 𝘶 𝙪 𝚞
v 𝐯 𝑣 𝒗 𝓋 𝓿 𝔳 𝕧 𝖛 𝗏 𝘃 𝘷 𝙫 𝚟
w 𝐰 𝑤 𝒘 𝓌 𝔀 𝔴 𝕨 𝖜 𝗐 𝘄 𝘸 𝙬 𝚠
x 𝐱 𝑥 𝒙 𝓍 𝔁 𝔵 𝕩 𝖝 𝗑 𝘅 𝘹 𝙭 𝚡
y 𝐲 𝑦 𝒚 𝓎 𝔂 𝔶 𝕪 𝖞 𝗒 𝘆 𝘺 𝙮 𝚢
z 𝐳 𝑧 𝒛 𝓏 𝔃 𝔷 𝕫 𝖟 𝗓 𝘇 𝘻 𝙯 𝚣

Greek letters and symbols

normal  bold   italic  bold italic sans-serif
bold
sans-serif
bold italic
Α 𝚨 𝛢 𝜜 𝝖 𝞐
Β 𝚩 𝛣 𝜝 𝝗 𝞑
Γ 𝚪 𝛤 𝜞 𝝘 𝞒
Δ 𝚫 𝛥 𝜟 𝝙 𝞓
Ε 𝚬 𝛦 𝜠 𝝚 𝞔
Ζ 𝚭 𝛧 𝜡 𝝛 𝞕
Η 𝚮 𝛨 𝜢 𝝜 𝞖
Θ 𝚯 𝛩 𝜣 𝝝 𝞗
Ι 𝚰 𝛪 𝜤 𝝞 𝞘
Κ 𝚱 𝛫 𝜥 𝝟 𝞙
Λ 𝚲 𝛬 𝜦 𝝠 𝞚
Μ 𝚳 𝛭 𝜧 𝝡 𝞛
Ν 𝚴 𝛮 𝜨 𝝢 𝞜
Ξ 𝚵 𝛯 𝜩 𝝣 𝞝
Ο 𝚶 𝛰 𝜪 𝝤 𝞞
Π 𝚷 𝛱 𝜫 𝝥 𝞟
Ρ 𝚸 𝛲 𝜬 𝝦 𝞠
ϴ 𝚹 𝛳 𝜭 𝝧 𝞡
Σ 𝚺 𝛴 𝜮 𝝨 𝞢
Τ 𝚻 𝛵 𝜯 𝝩 𝞣
Υ 𝚼 𝛶 𝜰 𝝪 𝞤
Φ 𝚽 𝛷 𝜱 𝝫 𝞥
Χ 𝚾 𝛸 𝜲 𝝬 𝞦
Ψ 𝚿 𝛹 𝜳 𝝭 𝞧
Ω 𝛀 𝛺 𝜴 𝝮 𝞨
𝛁 𝛻 𝜵 𝝯 𝞩
α 𝛂 𝛼 𝜶 𝝰 𝞪
β 𝛃 𝛽 𝜷 𝝱 𝞫
γ 𝛄 𝛾 𝜸 𝝲 𝞬
δ 𝛅 𝛿 𝜹 𝝳 𝞭
ε 𝛆 𝜀 𝜺 𝝴 𝞮
ζ 𝛇 𝜁 𝜻 𝝵 𝞯
η 𝛈 𝜂 𝜼 𝝶 𝞰
θ 𝛉 𝜃 𝜽 𝝷 𝞱
ι 𝛊 𝜄 𝜾 𝝸 𝞲
κ 𝛋 𝜅 𝜿 𝝹 𝞳
λ 𝛌 𝜆 𝝀 𝝺 𝞴
μ 𝛍 𝜇 𝝁 𝝻 𝞵
ν 𝛎 𝜈 𝝂 𝝼 𝞶
ξ 𝛏 𝜉 𝝃 𝝽 𝞷
ο 𝛐 𝜊 𝝄 𝝾 𝞸
π 𝛑 𝜋 𝝅 𝝿 𝞹
ρ 𝛒 𝜌 𝝆 𝞀 𝞺
ς 𝛓 𝜍 𝝇 𝞁 𝞻
σ 𝛔 𝜎 𝝈 𝞂 𝞼
τ 𝛕 𝜏 𝝉 𝞃 𝞽
υ 𝛖 𝜐 𝝊 𝞄 𝞾
φ 𝛗 𝜑 𝝋 𝞅 𝞿
χ 𝛘 𝜒 𝝌 𝞆 𝟀
ψ 𝛙 𝜓 𝝍 𝞇 𝟁
ω 𝛚 𝜔 𝝎 𝞈 𝟂
𝛛 𝜕 𝝏 𝞉 𝟃
ϵ 𝛜 𝜖 𝝐 𝞊 𝟄
ϑ 𝛝 𝜗 𝝑 𝞋 𝟅
ϰ 𝛞 𝜘 𝝒 𝞌 𝟆
ϕ 𝛟 𝜙 𝝓 𝞍 𝟇
ϱ 𝛠 𝜚 𝝔 𝞎 𝟈
ϖ 𝛡 𝜛 𝝕 𝞏 𝟉

Digits

normal  bold  double-struck sans-serif sans-serif bold monospace
0 𝟎 𝟘 𝟢 𝟬 𝟶
1 𝟏 𝟙 𝟣 𝟭 𝟷
2 𝟐 𝟚 𝟤 𝟮 𝟸
3 𝟑 𝟛 𝟥 𝟯 𝟹
4 𝟒 𝟜 𝟦 𝟰 𝟺
5 𝟓 𝟝 𝟧 𝟱 𝟻
6 𝟔 𝟞 𝟨 𝟲 𝟼
7 𝟕 𝟟 𝟩 𝟳 𝟽
8 𝟖 𝟠 𝟪 𝟴 𝟾
9 𝟗 𝟡 𝟫 𝟵 𝟿

External links

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