is a city in Cass County
, United States
. The population was 414 at the 2000 census. Massena's motto is: "The Home of Friendly People". Massena's sister community is Cumberland, Iowa
. Massena is named after Massena, New York
Massena is located at (41.253802, -94.768866) among the rolling hills of Iowa at the intersection of Iowa Highway 92
and Iowa Highway 148.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.8 km²), all of it land. Massena is located approximately half way between Des Moines, Iowa and Omaha, Nebraska, 15 miles south of Interstate 80.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 414 people, 182 households, and 113 families residing in the city. The population density
was 595.3 people per square mile (228.4/km²). There were 193 housing units at an average density of 277.5/sq mi (106.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.76% White
(413 people), and 0.24% from two or more races (1 person). Hispanic
of any race were 0.24% of the population (1 person).
There were 182 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 21.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,625, and the median income for a family was $43,173. Males had a median income of $31,319 versus $20,909 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,012. About 8.4% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.4% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.
The city of Massena was platted by the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad
on land purchased from A. Vredenburgh in 1883 and 1884 that included most of Section 33 of Cass County. The incorporated city was platted in 1886
. The first meeting of the city council was on March 21
and a special election was held on December 10
to enlarge the corporate limits to include all of section 33. The city was platted with the name of "Smith", but the post office authorities refused the name because of another city with a similar spelling.
Lume A. Stone, an American Civil War soldier from Massena, New York, suggested Massena after his hometown, and thus the name of the township and town. Massena, New York was named after a French Marshal under Napoleon, Andre Massena.
The Massena Historical Society
restored, maintains and gives tours of a country school house, a barber shop
and a gas station
. The country school house, Victoria No. 8, was brought in to town from Victoria Township. Every 3rd of July the local volunteer fire department
sponsors a street dance
on Main Street
to raise money for the fire department
. The annual Fontanelle & Massena Independence Day parade
is alternated between Massena and the community of Fontanelle, Iowa
. Baseball has a strong tradition in Massena. Massena's local team is the Massena Red Sox, formally the Cumberland Red Sox, which has been in existence sine the 1920s.
Massena was home of the Massena School District until 1959 when it reorganized with the city of Cumberland, Iowa
to create the C & M Community School District. In 2003 the C & M Community School District started whole grade sharing with the Anita Community School District of Anita, Iowa
, going under the name of CAM for Cumberland, Anita and Massena. Massena is currently the home of the CAM Middle School. The high school is in Anita and there are elementary schools located in both Cumberland and Anita.
Most of Massena's economy is based on agriculture
. Many of the people from Massena are family farmers
. Massena is also known as a bedroom community
. It is located centrally between Atlantic
, the county seat
of Cass County
, the county seat of Adair County
, the county seat of Adams County
. Many Massenans commute to these cities as well as others.
21st century Co-op is based in Massena. Its territory covers most of Adair County and Cass County. The co-op runs a gas station. Massena has a John Deere service center, a bank, a hotel, a medical center, two taverns, a grocery store, two mechanics, a welder, a craft store and a sale barn. There is also a chiropractor, a massage therapist and several beauticians.
The city of Massena is home to a Baptist Church
, a United Methodist Church
, and a Roman Catholic Church
. St. Patrick
Catholic Church serves the communities of Massena and Bridgewater, Iowa
as well as part of the community of Cumberland, Iowa
. St. Patrick is part of the Catholic Diocese of Des Moines
. Two country churches hold a Massena address: St. Peter's United Church of Christ
and Pine Grove United Methodist Church
. A Christian Church, Disciples of Christ
, named Trinity
, is located in the city of Bridgewater, Iowa. Trinity Christian Church serves the communities of Massena, Bridgewater and Cumberland.