Islamic public place of prayer. The masjid jāmiayn, or “congregational mosque,” is the centre of community worship and the site of Friday prayer services. Though the mosque—originally a sacred plot of ground—has been influenced by local architectural styles, the building has remained essentially an open space, usually roofed, with a minaret sometimes attached. Statues and pictures are not permitted as decoration. The minbar, a seat at the top of steps placed at the right of the mihrab, is used by the preacher (khatsubdotīb) as a pulpit. Occasionally there is also a maqssubdotūrah, a box or wooden screen originally used to shield a worshiping ruler from assassins. The minaret, originally any elevated place but now usually a tower, is used by the muezzin (crier) to proclaim the call to worship five times each day. During prayer, Muslims orient themselves toward the qiblah wall, which is invariably oriented toward the
Learn more about mosque with a free trial on Britannica.com.
Masjid-u-Shajarah (mosque of the tree) is a miqat (place where ihram is put on) for those going to Mecca for umrah or hajj. Abar Ali is the name of a place where Masjid-u-Shajarah is situated, 7 km outside of Medina in Dhul Hulaifah.