Definitions

Martina Hingis

Martina Hingis

[hing-guhs]
Martina Hingis (born September 30, 1980 in Košice, Czechoslovakia) is a retired professional tennis player who spent a total of 209 weeks as World No. 1. She won five Grand Slam singles titles (three Australian Open, one Wimbledon, and one US Open). She also won nine Grand Slam women's doubles titles, winning a calendar year Grand Slam in 1998, and one Grand Slam mixed doubles title.

Hingis set a series of "youngest-ever" records before ligament injuries in both ankles forced her to withdraw temporarily from professional tennis in 2002 at the age of 22. After several surgeries and long recuperations, Hingis returned to the WTA tour in 2006. She then climbed to World No. 6 and won three singles titles. On November 1, 2007, after suffering from injuries for much of the year, Hingis announced her retirement from tennis while admitting she had tested positive for cocaine during Wimbledon in 2007. She denied using the drug. On January 4, 2008, she was banned from tennis for two years for the cocaine offense. She has stated that she will not return to professional tennis when this ban expires.

Childhood and early career

Hingis was born to accomplished tennis players: a Czech mother, Melanie Molitorova, and a Slovak father living in Kosice (Slovakia), Karol Hingis. Molitorova once ranked No. 10 among women in Czechoslovakia. Her father who was rated even number 19 in the tennis rankings of Czechoslovakia is today a tennis trainer in Kosice. They named their daughter 'Martina' (originally Martina Hingisova) after Martina Navratilova. Hingis' parents divorced when she was a young girl. She moved with her mother to the Czech Republic for a short period, then to Trübbach in Switzerland.

Hingis began playing tennis when she was two years old and entered her first tournament at age four. In 1993, 12-year-old Hingis became the youngest player to win a Grand Slam junior title: the girls' singles at the French Open. In 1994, she retained her French Open junior title, won the girls' singles title at Wimbledon, and was ranked the World No. 1 junior player.

She made her professional debut in October 1994, two weeks after her 14th birthday. In 1995, she became the youngest player to win a match at a Grand Slam tournament when she advanced to the second round of the Australian Open.

Grand Slam success and period of dominance

In 1996, Hingis became the youngest Wimbledon champion when she teamed with Helena Sukova to win the women's doubles title at age 15 years and 9 months. She also won her first professional singles title that year at Filderstadt, Germany. She reached the singles quarterfinals at the 1996 Australian Open and the singles semifinals of the 1996 US Open. Following her win at Filderstadt, Hingis defeated the reigning Australian Open champion and co-top ranked (with Steffi Graf) Monica Seles 6–2, 6–0 in the final at Oakland. Hingis then lost to Graf 6–3, 4–6, 6–0, 4–6, 6–0 at the year-end WTA Tour Championships.

In 1997, Hingis became the undisputed World No. 1 women's tennis player. She started the year by winning the warm-up tournament in Sydney. She then became the youngest Grand Slam singles winner in the 20th century by winning the Australian Open at age 16 years and 3 months (beating former champion Mary Pierce in the final). In March, she became the youngest top ranked player in history. In July, she became the youngest singles champion at Wimbledon since Lottie Dod in 1887 by beating Jana Novotna in the final. She then defeated another up-and-coming player, Venus Williams, in the final of the US Open. The only Grand Slam singles title that Hingis failed to win in 1997 was the French Open, where she lost in the final to Iva Majoli.

In 1998, Hingis won all four of the Grand Slam women's doubles titles, only the fourth in women's tennis history to do so, (the Australian Open with Mirjana Lucic and the other three events with Novotna), and she became only the third woman to simultaneously hold the No. 1 ranking in both singles and doubles. She also retained her Australian Open singles title by beating Conchita Martinez in straight sets in the final. Hingis, however, lost in the final of the US Open to Lindsay Davenport. Davenport ended an 80-week stretch Hingis had enjoyed as the No. 1 singles player in October 1998, but Hingis finished the year by beating Davenport in the final of the WTA Tour Championships.

1999 saw Hingis win her third successive Australian Open singles crown as well as the doubles title (with teammate Anna Kournikova). She then reached the French Open final and was three points away from victory in the second set against Steffi Graf, but ended up losing 4–6, 7–5, 6–2. During the match, Hingis had infuriated an already partisan crowd by arguing with the umpire over several line calls (crossing the net in one instance), taking a bathroom break early in the final set, and twice delivering a rare underhand serve on match point. In tears after the match, Hingis was comforted by her mother as she returned to the court for the trophy ceremony. After a shock first-round 6–2, 6–0 loss to Jelena Dokic at Wimbledon, Hingis bounced back to reach her third consecutive US Open final, where she lost to Serena Williams. Hingis won a total of seven singles titles that year and reclaimed the No. 1 singles ranking. She also reached the final of the WTA Tour Championships, where she lost to Davenport 6–4, 6–2.

In 2000, Hingis again found herself in both the singles and doubles finals at the Australian Open. This time, however, she lost both. Her three-year hold on the singles championship ended when she lost to Davenport 6–1, 7–5. Later, Hingis and Pierce, her new doubles partner, lost to Lisa Raymond and Rennae Stubbs. Hingis captured the French Open women's doubles title with Pierce and produced consistent results in singles tournaments throughout the year. She reached the quarter final at Wimbledon and played great tennis but was beaten by Venus Williams in a thrilling match. Although she did not win a Grand Slam singles tournament, she kept the year end No. 1 ranking because of nine tournament championships, including the WTA Tour Championships where she won the singles and doubles titles.

Injuries and hiatus from tennis

In 2001, Switzerland, with Hingis and Roger Federer on its team, won the Hopman Cup. Hingis was undefeated in singles during the event, defeating Tamarine Tanasugarn, Nicole Pratt, Amanda Coetzer, and Monica Seles.

Hingis reached her fifth consecutive Australian Open final in 2001, where she lost to Jennifer Capriati 6–4, 6–3. She briefly ended her coaching relationships with her mother Melanie early in the year but had a change of heart two months later just before the French Open. Hingis underwent surgery on her right ankle in October 2001.

Coming back from injury, Hingis won the Australian Open doubles final at the start of 2002 (again teaming with Anna Kournikova) and reached a sixth straight Australian Open final in singles, again facing Capriati. Hingis led by a set and 4–0 and had four match points but lost 4–6, 7–6, 6–2. In May 2002, she needed another ankle ligament operation, this time on her left ankle. After that, she continued to struggle with injuries and was not able to recapture her best form.

In 2003, at the age of 22, Hingis announced her retirement from tennis. In several interviews, she indicated she wanted to go back to her country and coach full time.

During this segment of her tennis career, Hingis won 40 singles titles and 36 doubles events. She held the World No. 1 singles ranking for a total of 209 weeks (fourth most following Steffi Graf, Martina Navratilova, and Chris Evert). In 2005, TENNIS magazine put her in 22nd place in its list of 40 Greatest Players of the TENNIS era.

Return to the game

2005

In February 2005, Hingis made an unsuccessful return to competition at an event in Pattaya, Thailand, where she lost to Germany's Marlene Weingartner in the first round. After the loss, she claimed that she had no further plans for a comeback.

Hingis, however, resurfaced in July, playing singles, doubles, and mixed doubles in World Team Tennis and notching up singles victories over two top 100 players and shutting out Martina Navratilova in singles on July 7. With these promising results behind her, Hingis announced on November 29 her return to the WTA Tour in 2006.

2006

At the Australian Open, Hingis lost in the quarterfinals to second-seeded Kim Clijsters. However, Hingis won the mixed doubles title with Mahesh Bhupathi of India. This was her first career Grand Slam mixed doubles title and fifteenth overall (5 singles, 9 women's doubles, 1 mixed doubles).

The week after the Australian Open, Hingis defeated World No. 4 Maria Sharapova 6–3, 6–1 in the semifinals of the Tier I Toray Pan Pacific Open in Tokyo before losing in the final to World No. 9 Elena Dementieva.

At the Tier I Pacific Life Open in Indian Wells, California, Hingis defeated World No. 4 Lindsay Davenport in the fourth round 6–3, 1–6, 6–2 before losing to Sharapova in the semifinals.

On clay at the Tier I Qatar Telecom German Open in Berlin, Hingis defeated Dementieva in the fourth round but lost in the quarterfinals to World No. 1 Amelie Mauresmo. The following week at the Tier I Internazionali BNL d'Italia in Rome, Hingis posted her 500th career singles match victory in the quarterfinals, beating World No. 18 Flavia Pennetta, and subsequently won the tournament. This was her 41st WTA tour singles title and first in more than four years. Hingis then reached the quarterfinals of the French Open, losing to Clijsters 7–6(5), 6–1.

At Wimbledon, Hingis lost in the third round to Ai Sugiyama 7–5, 3–6, 6–4.

Hingis played three tournaments during the North American summer hard court season. At the Tier I Acura Classic in San Diego, Hingis lost in the quarterfinals to World No. 2 Clijsters 7–5, 6–2. Hingis then defeated World No. 7 Svetlana Kuznetsova in the quarterfinals of the Tier I Rogers Cup in Montreal before losing the final to Ana Ivanovic. Hingis's return to the US Open was short lived, however, as she lost in the second round to World No. 112 Virginie Razzano of France 6–2, 6–4.

In her first tournament since the US Open, Hingis won the second title of her comeback at the Tier III Sunfeast Open in Kolkata, India. She defeated unseeded Russian Olga Poutchkova in the final. The following week in Seoul, Hingis notched her 50th match win of the year before losing in the second round to Sania Mirza 4–6, 6–0, 6–4. At the Tier I Zurich Open three weeks later, Hingis lost to Kuznetsova in the quarterfinals 6–1, 1–6, 6–3.

Hingis qualified for the year-ending WTA Tour Championships in Madrid as the eighth seed. In her round robin matches, she lost in three sets to both Justine Henin and Mauresmo but defeated Petrova 6–4, 3–6, 6–3.

Hingis ended the year ranked World No. 7. She also finished eighth in prize money earnings (U.S.$1,159,537).

2007

Hingis started the year by reaching the final of the Tier III Mondial Australian Women's Hardcourts in Gold Coast, Australia, losing to Dinara Safina of Russia 6–3, 3–6, 7–5. The next week at the Medibank International in Sydney, Hingis lost her first round match to Jelena Jankovic in three sets.

At the Australian Open, Hingis won her first three rounds without losing a set before defeating China's Na Li in the fourth round 4–6, 6–3, 6–0. Hingis then lost a quarterfinal match to Kim Clijsters 3–6, 6–4, 6–3. This was the second consecutive year that Hingis had lost to Clijsters in the quarterfinals of the Australian Open and the third time in the last five Grand Slam tournaments that Clijsters had eliminated Hingis in the quarterfinals.

Hingis won her next tournament, the Tier I Toray Pan Pacific Open in Tokyo, defeating Ana Ivanovic in the final. This was Hingis's record fifth singles title at this event.

Three weeks later, Hingis lost for the second time that year to Jankovic in the quarterfinals of the Dubai Duty Free Women's Open. At the Qatar Total Open in Doha, Hingis lost to Daniela Hantuchova 1–6, 6–4, 6–4 in the quarterfinals after being up a set and 4–1 (40-0) in the second set. In women's doubles, Hingis teamed with Maria Kirilenko to win the title, defeating Agnes Szavay and Vladimira Uhlirova in the final 6–1, 6–1.

At the Tier I Pacific Life Open in Indian Wells, California, Hingis again lost to Hantuchova, this time in the fourth round 6–4, 6–3. Hingis was up a service break in both sets but, as in Doha, could not hold her lead. At the Tier I Sony Ericsson Open in Key Biscayne, Florida, Hingis again failed to reach the quarterfinals, losing in the third round to Agnieszka Radwanska of Poland 4–6, 6–3, 6–2.

Her next tournament was the Qatar Telecom German Open, where she lost in the third round to compatriot Patty Schnyder 6–4, 6–0. A hip injury that troubled her at the German Open caused her to withdraw from the Internazionali BNL d'Italia, where she was the defending champion, and the French Open, the only Grand Slam singles title that eluded her.

In her first round match at Wimbledon, Hingis saved two match points to defeat British wildcard Naomi Cavaday, apparently not having fully recovered from the hip injury that prevented her from playing the French Open. In the third round, Hingis lost to Laura Granville of the United States 6–4, 6–2 and claimed afterwards she should not have entered the tournament.

At the Acura Classic in San Diego, Hingis defeated Michaella Krajicek before falling to Schnyder 6–1, 6–7(4), 6–3. Hingis was leading 3–1 in the final set before losing five consecutive games. Hingis then lost to Sania Mirza in a second round match of the East West Bank Classic in Los Angeles.

Hingis's next tournament was the last Grand Slam tournament of the year, the US Open, which she had won exactly ten years ago for the first time. Hingis lost in the third round to Belarussian teenager Victoria Azarenka 3–6, 6–1, 6–0.

In her last career singles match in September, Hingis lost in the second round of the China Open in Beijing to Chinese player Shuai Peng 7–5, 6–1.

Retirement

Hingis did not play any tournaments after the 2007 China Open, stating initially that she needed to take time off to recover from the injuries that plagued her for most of the year. However, on November 1, 2007, Hingis said at a press conference in Glattbrugg near Zurich that she was retiring permanently from competitive tennis. She admitted that she had tested positive for cocaine during Wimbledon in 2007. But Hingis maintained her innocence, saying, "I have tested positive but I have never taken drugs and I feel 100 percent innocent." She also said, "I would personally be terrified of taking drugs. When I was informed [about the test] I was shocked and appalled." She is not planning to contest the positive drug test because it could take years. "Because of my age and my health problems, I have also decided to retire from professional tennis." The drug test results were released to Hingis after her third round loss to Laura Granville at Wimbledon, with both "A" and "B" urine samples failing the tests. Hingis then underwent a private drug test on a hair sample, which came back negative and, according to Hingis, is evidence that she did not use cocaine.

Hingis played an exhibition match at the Liverpool International tournament on June 13, 2008. Although this event was a warm-up for Wimbledon, it was not part of the WTA Tour. This allowed Hingis to participate without breaching the rules of her ban. In a rematch of their 1997 Wimbledon final, Hingis defeated Jana Novotna 6–3, 6–4.

Controversies

Hingis is also well known for usually being outspoken and "sharp-tongued." During her career, Hingis has made a number of statements about her fellow players that have subsequently become the focus of attention and the source of controversy, such as:

  • Referring obliquely to Amelie Mauresmo's lesbianism on the eve of their 1999 Australian Open final, Hingis told reporters, "She's here with her girlfriend. She's half a man already.
  • When asked in the late 1990s how she felt about the budding rivalry between herself and the then-up-and-coming Anna Kournikova, Hingis responded, "What rivalry? I win all the matches.
  • After the Williams sisters (Venus and Serena) had complained of discrimination against them, Hingis told Time magazine in 2001: "Being black only helps them. Many times they get sponsors because they are black. And they have had a lot of advantages because they can always say, 'It's racism.' They can always come back and say, 'Because we are this color, things happen.'
  • At the peak of the Williams sisters and Hingis' competitive and fierce rivalry, Hingis stated in a press conference during the 1999 US Open referring to the sisters' remarks, "They always have big mouths. They always talk a lot. It's happened before, so it's gonna happen again. I don't really worry about that.
  • On the long-dominant player, Steffi Graf, Hingis said, "Steffi has had some results in the past, but it's a faster, more athletic game now than when she played. She is old now. Her time has passed." (Hingis made this comment in 1998 while Graf was on an injury-related hiatus from tennis.)
  • Responding in a 1999 press conference on why she terminated her doubles partnership with former Wimbledon champion Jana Novotna, Hingis remarked, "She's old and slow.
  • During her speech after winning the 1997 Australian Open women's singles final, Hingis, referring to her win in women's doubles the previous day, said, "Next time I have to play mixed doubles, but I have to give someone else a chance to win an event.

The International Tennis Federation (ITF) Independent Anti-Doping Tribunal announced on January 4, 2008, that Hingis was found to have committed a doping offence. The tribunal determined that a sample provided by Hingis at Wimbledon on June 29, 2007, had tested positive for a metabolite of cocaine. The tribunal suspended Hingis from participation in any ITF or associated event for two years, beginning on October 1, 2007. In addition, the tribunal ordered her results from the 2007 Wimbledon Championships and subsequent tennis events disqualified, with the forfeiture of the ITF ranking points and repayment of prize money, totaling U.S.$129,481.00, that she won at those events.

Record against other top players

As of September 24, 2008, Hingis win-loss record against certain players who have been ranked World No. 10 or higher is as follows:

Playing style

Hingis was renowned for her tactical approach to the game of tennis and for her technical skills, enabling her to produce a wide array of shots with finesse. She lacked the power possessed by many of her contemporaries; therefore, she relied on low error-rates and good shot selection to keep opponents off-balance. She often used change of direction and pace to catch opponents off guard and sharp angles to open up the court. She was also well known for her ability to break long rallies by hitting accurate drop shots and coming to the net, where she was a skilled volleyer. A signature play of Hingis was the drop shot followed by a lob, often resulting in an easy volley or overhead to finish the point. Hingis often hit the ball extremely early by standing close to the baseline (or inside it) in order to take reaction time away from her opponent.

Hingis's strongest groundstroke was her two-handed backhand, which had an extremely low error-rate and great variety. Her backhand down-the-line was among her signature shots and often the shot she chose to hit with greater pace to surprise opponents during a rally.

Personal life

Hingis has dated Spanish golf player Sergio García. She had been engaged to Czech tennis player Radek Stepanek, but split with him in August 2007. She also dated Engish footballer Sol Campbell.

Career statistics

Grand Slam singles finals (12)

Wins (5)

Year Championship Opponent in Final Score in Final
1997 Australian Open Mary Pierce 6–2, 6–2
1997 Wimbledon Jana Novotna 2–6, 6–3, 6–3
1997 US Open Venus Williams 6–0, 6–4
1998 Australian Open (2) Conchita Martinez 6–3, 6–3
1999 Australian Open (3) Amelie Mauresmo 6–2, 6–3

Runner-ups (7)

Year Championship Opponent in Final Score in Final
1997 French Open Iva Majoli 6–4, 6–2
1998 US Open Lindsay Davenport 6–3, 7–5
1999 French Open (2) Steffi Graf 4–6, 7–5, 6–2
1999 US Open (2) Serena Williams 6–3, 7–6(4)
2000 Australian Open Lindsay Davenport 6–1, 7–5
2001 Australian Open (2) Jennifer Capriati 6–4, 6–3
2002 Australian Open (3) Jennifer Capriati 4–6, 7–6(7), 6–2

Grand Slam women's doubles finals (11)

Wins (9)

Year Championship Partner Opponents in Final Score in Final
1996 Wimbledon Helena Sukova Meredith McGrath
Larisa Neiland
5–7, 7–5, 6–1
1997 Australian Open Natasha Zvereva Lindsay Davenport
Lisa Raymond
6–2, 6–2
1998 Australian Open (2) Mirjana Lucic Lindsay Davenport
Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 2–6, 6–3
1998 French Open Jana Novotna Lindsay Davenport
Natasha Zvereva
6–1, 7–6(4)
1998 Wimbledon (2) Jana Novotna Lindsay Davenport
Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 3–6, 8–6
1998 US Open Jana Novotna Lindsay Davenport
Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 6–3
1999 Australian Open (3) Anna Kournikova Lindsay Davenport
Natasha Zvereva
7–5, 6–3
2000 French Open (2) Mary Pierce Virginia Ruano Pascual
Paola Suarez
6–2, 6–4
2002 Australian Open (4) Anna Kournikova Daniela Hantuchova
Arantxa Sanchez Vicario
6–2, 6–7(4), 6–1

Runner-ups (2)

Year Championship Partner Opponents in Final Score in Final
1999 French Open Anna Kournikova Serena Williams
Venus Williams
6–3, 6–7(2), 8–6
2000 Australian Open Mary Pierce Lisa Raymond
Rennae Stubbs
6–4, 5–7, 6–4

WTA Tour and ITF Circuit singles titles

Legend (Singles)
Tier I (17)
Tier II (15)
Tier III (4)
Tier IV (0)
Grand Slam Title (5)
WTA Tour Championship (2)
ITF Circuit (2)

ITF Circuit

# Date Tournament Surface Opponent in Final Score in Final
1. 1993-10-24 Langenthal, Switzerland Carpet Sophie Georges 2–6, 7–5, 7–6(4)
2. 1996-03-10 Prostejov, Czech Republic Hard Indoors Barbara Paulus 6–1, 6–4

WTA Tour

# Date Tournament Name Location Surface Opponent in Final Score in Final
1. October 13, 1996 Porsche Tennis Grand Prix (1) Filderstadt, Germany Carpet Anke Huber 6–2, 3–6, 6–3
2. November 10, 1996 Bank of the West Classic (1) Oakland, California, U.S. Carpet Monica Seles 6–2, 6–0
3. January 12, 1997 Sydney International (1) Sydney, Australia Hard Jennifer Capriati 6–1, 5–7, 6–1
4. January 25, 1997 Australian Open (1) Melbourne Hard Mary Pierce 6–2, 6–2
5. February 2, 1997 Toray Pan Pacific Open (1) Tokyo Carpet Steffi Graf Walkover
6. February 16, 1997 Open Gaz de France Paris Carpet Anke Huber 6–3, 3–6, 6–3
7. March 30, 1997 Lipton International Players Championships (1) Key Biscayne, Florida, U.S. Hard Monica Seles 6–2, 6–1
8. April 6, 1997 Family Circle Magazine Cup (1) Hilton Head, South Carolina, U.S. Clay Monica Seles 3–6, 6–3, 7–6(5)
9. July 6, 1997 Wimbledon London Grass Jana Novotna 2–6, 6–3, 6–3
10. July 27, 1997 Bank of the West Classic (2) Stanford, California, U.S. Hard Conchita Martinez 6–0, 6–2
11. August 3, 1997 Toshiba Classic (1) San Diego, California, U.S. Hard Monica Seles 7–6(4), 6–4
12. September 7, 1997 US Open New York City Hard Venus Williams 6–0, 6–4
13. October 12, 1997 Porsche Tennis Grand Prix (2) Filderstadt, Germany Carpet Lisa Raymond 6–2, 6–4
14. November 16, 1997 Advanta Championships Philadelphia, U.S. Carpet Lindsay Davenport 7–5, 6–7(7), 7–6(4)
15. January 31, 1998 Australian Open (2) Melbourne Hard Conchita Martinez 6–3, 6–3
16. March 15, 1998 State Farm Evert Cup Indian Wells, California, U.S. Hard Lindsay Davenport 6–3, 6–4
17. May 4, 1998 Intersport Damen Grand Prix (1) Hamburg, Germany Clay Jana Novotna 6–3, 7–5
18. May 17, 1998 Italian Open (1) Rome Clay Venus Williams 6–3, 2–6, 6–3
19. November 22, 1998 Chase Championships (1) New York City Carpet Lindsay Davenport 7–5, 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
20. January 30, 1999 Australian Open (3) Melbourne Hard Amelie Mauresmo 6–2, 6–3
21. February 7, 1999 Toray Pan Pacific Open (2) Tokyo Carpet Amanda Coetzer 6–2, 6–1
22. April 4, 1999 Family Circle Cup (2) Hilton Head, South Carolina, U.S. Clay Anna Kournikova 6–4, 6–3
23. May 16, 1999 German Open Berlin Clay Julie Halard-Decugis 6–0, 6–1
24. August 8, 1999 TIG Tennis Classic (2) San Diego, California, U.S. Hard Venus Williams 6–4, 6–0
25. August 22, 1999 du Maurier Open Toronto, Canada Hard Monica Seles 6–4, 6–4
26. October 10, 1999 Porsche Tennis Grand Prix (3) Filderstadt, Germany Carpet Mary Pierce 6–4, 6–1
27. February 6, 2000 Toray Pan Pacific Open (3) Tokyo Carpet Sandrine Testud 6–3, 7–5
28. April 2, 2000 Ericsson Open (2) Key Biscayne, Florida, U.S. Hard Lindsay Davenport 6–3, 6–2
29. May 7, 2000 Betty Barclay Cup (2) Hamburg, Germany Clay Arantxa Sanchez Vicario 6–3, 6–3
30. June 25, 2000 Heineken Trophy 's-Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands Grass Ruxandra Dragomir 6–2, 3–0 retired
31. August 20, 2000 du Maurier Open Montreal, Canada Hard Serena Williams 0–6, 6–3, 3–0 retired
32. October 8, 2000 Porsche Tennis Grand Prix (4) Filderstadt, Germany Carpet Kim Clijsters 6–0, 6–3
33. October 15, 2000 Swisscom Challenge Zurich, Switzerland Hard Lindsay Davenport 6–4, 4–6, 7–5
34. October 29, 2000 Kremlin Cup Moscow, Russia Carpet Anna Kournikova 6–3, 6–1
35. November 19, 2000 Chase Championships (2) New York City Carpet Monica Seles 6–7(5), 6–4, 6–4
36. January 8, 2001 adidas International (2) Sydney, Australia Hard Lindsay Davenport 6–3, 4–6, 7–5
37. February 18, 2001 Qatar Total FinaElf Open Doha Hard Sandrine Testud 6–3, 6–2
38. February 25, 2001 Dubai Duty Free Women's Open Dubai, United Arab Emirates Hard Nathalie Tauziat 6–4, 6–4
39. January 13, 2002 adidas International (3) Sydney, Australia Hard Meghann Shaughnessy 6–2, 6–3
40. February 3, 2002 Toray Pan Pacific Open (4) Tokyo Carpet Monica Seles 7–6(6), 4–6, 6–3
41. May 21, 2006 Internazionali d'Italia (2) Rome Clay Dinara Safina 6–2, 7–5
42. September 24, 2006 Sunfeast Open Kolkata, India Carpet Olga Poutchkova 6–0, 6–4
43. February 4, 2007 Toray Pan Pacific Open (5) Tokyo Carpet Ana Ivanovic 6–4, 6–2

WTA Tour and ITF Circuit doubles titles

Legend (Doubles)
Tier I (13)
Tier II (13)
Tier III (0)
Tier IV (0)
Grand Slam Title (9)
WTA Tour Championship (2)
ITF Circuit (1)
# Date Tournament Surface Partner Opponents in Final Score in Final
1. March 5, 1995 Prostejov, Czech Republic Hard (i) Petra Langrova Eva Melicharova
Katarzyna Teodorowicz
7–6, 6–2
2. May 7, 1995 Hamburg, Germany Clay Gigi Fernandez Conchita Martinez
Patricia Tarabini
6–2, 6–3
3. July 7, 1996 Wimbledon, United Kingdom Grass Helena Sukova Meredith McGrath
Larisa Neiland
5–7, 7–5, 6–1
4. October 20, 1996 Zurich, Switzerland Carpet Helena Sukova Nicole Arendt
Natasha Zvereva
7–5, 6–4
5. January 26, 1997 Australian Open, Melbourne Hard Natasha Zvereva Lindsay Davenport
Lisa Raymond
6–2, 6–2
6. February 16, 1997 Paris, France Carpet Helena Sukova Alexandra Fusai
Rita Grande
6–3, 6–0
7. April 6, 1997 Hilton Head, U.S. Clay Mary Joe Fernandez Lindsay Davenport
Jana Novotna
7–5, 4–6, 6–1
8. July 27, 1997 Stanford, U.S. Hard Lindsay Davenport Conchita Martinez
Patricia Tarabini
6–1, 6–3
9. August 3, 1997 San Diego, U.S. Hard Arantxa Sanchez Vicario Amy Frazier
Kimberly Po
6–3, 7–5
10. September 28, 1997 Leipzig, Germany Carpet Jana Novotna Yayuk Basuki
Helena Sukova
6–2, 6–2
11. October 12, 1997 Filderstadt, Germany Hard (i) Arantxa Sanchez Vicario Lindsay Davenport
Jana Novotna
7–6, 3–6, 7–6
12. October 19, 1997 Zurich, Switzerland Carpet Arantxa Sanchez Vicario Larisa Neiland
Helena Sukova
4–6, 6–4, 6–1
13. January 18, 1998 Sydney, Australia Hard Helena Sukova Katrina Adams
Meredith McGrath
6–1, 6–2
14. February 1, 1998 Australian Open, Melbourne Hard Mirjana Lučic Lindsay Davenport
Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 2–6, 6–3
15. February 8, 1998 Tokyo, Japan Carpet Mirjana Lučic Lindsay Davenport
Natasha Zvereva
7–5, 6–4
16. March 29, 1998 Miami, U.S. Hard Jana Novotna Arantxa Sanchez Vicario
Natasha Zvereva
6–2, 3–6, 6–3
17. June 7, 1998 French Open, Paris Clay Jana Novotna Lindsay Davenport
Natasha Zvereva
6–1, 7–6
18. July 5, 1998 Wimbledon, United Kingdom Grass Jana Novotna Lindsay Davenport
Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 3–6, 8–6
19. August 16, 1998 Los Angeles Hard Helena Sukova Tamarine Tanasugarn
Elena Tatarkova
6–4, 6–2
20. August 23, 1998 Montreal, Canada Hard Jana Novotna Yayuk Basuki
Caroline Vis
6–3, 6–4
21. September 13, 1998 US Open, New York City Hard Jana Novotna Lindsay Davenport
Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 6–3
22. January 31, 1999 Australian Open, Melbourne Hard Anna Kournikova Lindsay Davenport
Natasha Zvereva
7–5, 6–3
23. March 14, 1999 Indian Wells, U.S. Hard Anna Kournikova Mary Joe Fernandez
Jana Novotna
6–2, 6–2
24. March 28, 1999 Miami, U.S. Hard Jana Novotna Mary Joe Fernandez
Monica Seles
6–0, 4–6, 7–6
25. May 9, 1999 Rome, Italy Clay Anna Kournikova Alexandra Fusai
Nathalie Tauziat
6–2, 6–2
26. June 20, 1999 Eastbourne, United Kingdom Grass Anna Kournikova Jana Novotna
Natasha Zvereva
6–4, retired
27. November 21, 1999 New York City Carpet Anna Kournikova Arantxa Sanchez Vicario
Larisa Neiland
6–4, 6–4
28. February 6, 2000 Tokyo, Japan Carpet Mary Pierce Alexandra Fusai
Nathalie Tauziat
6–4, 6–1
29. June 11, 2000 French Open, Paris Clay Mary Pierce Virginia Ruano Pascual
Paola Suarez
6–2, 6–4
30. August 20, 2000 Montreal, Canada Hard Nathalie Tauziat Julie Halard-Decugis
Ai Sugiyama
6–3, 3–6, 6–4
31. October 8, 2000 Filderstadt, Germany Hard (i) Anna Kournikova Arantxa Sanchez Vicario
Barbara Schett
6–4, 6–2
32. October 15, 2000 Zurich, Switzerland Carpet Anna Kournikova Kimberly Po
Anne-Gaëlle Sidot
6–3, 6–4
33. November 12, 2000 Philadelphia, U.S. Carpet Anna Kournikova Lisa Raymond
Rennae Stubbs
6–2, 7–5
34. November 19, 2000 New York City Carpet Anna Kournikova Nicole Arendt
Manon Bollegraf
6–2, 6–3
35. October 7, 2001 Moscow, Russia Carpet Anna Kournikova Elena Dementieva
Lina Krasnoroutskaya
7–6, 6–3
36. January 27, 2002 Australian Open, Melbourne Hard Anna Kournikova Daniela Hantuchova
Arantxa Sanchez Vicario
6–2, 6–7, 6–1
37. May 5, 2002 Hamburg, Germany Clay Barbara Schett Daniela Hantuchova
Arantxa Sanchez Vicario
6–1, 6–1
38. March 3, 2007 Doha, Qatar Hard Maria Kirilenko Agnes Szavay
Vladimira Uhlirova
6–1, 6–1

Singles runner-ups (26)

Doubles runner-ups (14)

Mixed doubles title

Team competition

Singles performance timeline

To prevent confusion and double counting, information in this table is updated only once a tournament or the player's participation in the tournament has concluded. This table is current through the end of 2007 WTA Tour.
Tournament 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Career SR Career Win-Loss
Australian Open A 2R QF W W W F F F A A A QF QF 3 / 10 52-7
French Open A 3R 3R F SF F SF SF A A A A QF A 0 / 8 35-8
Wimbledon A 1R 4R W SF 1R QF 1R A A A A 3R 3R 1 / 9 23-8
US Open A 4R SF W F F SF SF 4R A A A 2R 3R 1 / 10 43-9
Grand Slam SR 0 / 0 0 / 4 0 / 4 3 / 4 1 / 4 1 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 2 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 4 0 / 3 5 / 37 N/A
Grand Slam Win-Loss 0–0 6–4 14-4 27-1 23-3 19-3 20-4 16-4 9–2 0–0 0–0 0–0 11-4 8–3 N/A 153-32
WTA Tour Championships A A F QF W F W A A A A A RR A 2 / 6 16-5
Tokyo A A SF W F W W F W A A A F W 5 / 9 32-4
Indian Wells Not Tier I A A W QF F SF F A A A SF 4R 1 / 7 27-6
Miami A A 2R W SF SF W SF QF A A A 3R 3R 2 / 9 29-7
Charleston A A 2R W A W A F A A A A A A 2 / 4 15-2
Berlin A 2R 2R A QF W SF SF A A A A QF 3R 1 / 8 19-7
Rome A A F A W SF A SF A A A A W A 2 / 5 21-3
San Diego Not Tier I A A QF 3R 0 / 2 3–2
Montreal/Toronto A 3R A A SF W W A QF A A A F A 2 / 6 21-4
Moscow Not Tier I A A A W QF 1R A A A A A 1 / 3 5–2
Zurich 2R 2R F QF A F W A A A A A QF A 1 / 7 16-6
Philadelphia A 2R Not Tier I Not Held Not Tier I Not Held 0 / 1 1–1
Tournaments played 4 13 18 17 18 20 20 18 12 0 0 1 20 14 N/A 175
Finals reached 0 1 5 13 7 13 13 6 4 0 0 0 4 2 N/A 68
Tournaments Won 0 0 2 12 5 7 9 3 2 0 0 0 2 1 N/A 43
Hardcourt Win-Loss 2–1 7–5 15-5 38-1 32-8 41-7 43-6 39-7 28-8 0–0 0–0 0–1 28-14 17-11 N/A 290-74
Clay Win-Loss 0–0 7–3 10-5 11-1 16-2 19-2 12-2 17-5 2–1 0–0 0–0 0–0 14-3 1–1 N/A 109-25
Grass Win-Loss 0–0 0–1 3–1 7–0 5–1 0–1 7–1 0–1 0–0 0–0 0–0 0–0 2–1 2–1 N/A 26-8
Carpet Win-Loss 3–2 4–3 18-5 15-3 8–2 11-3 15-1 4–2 4–1 0–0 0–0 0–0 9–1 4–0 N/A 95-23
Overall Win-Loss 5-3 18-12 46-16 71-5 61-13 71-13 77-10 60-15 34-10 0-0 0-0 0-1 53-19 24-13 N/A 520-130²
Win % 63% 60% 74% 93% 82% 85% 89% 80% 77% - - 0% 74% 65% N/A 80%
Year End Ranking 87 16 4 1 2 1 1 4 10 - - None 7 19 N/A N/A

  • A = did not participate in the tournament
  • SR = the ratio of the number of singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played
  • ² If ITF women's circuit (Hardcourt: 12-2; Carpet: 6–1) and Fed Cup (10-0) participations are included, overall win-loss record stands at 548-133.

Grand Slam women's doubles performance timeline

Tournament 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Career
Australian Open 1R 1R W W W F SF W A A A A 2R 34-5
French Open A QF SF W F W A A A A A A A 24-3
Wimbledon 2R W QF W A 2R A A A A A A A 17–3
US Open 3R SF SF W A 3R QF QF A A A A 3R 25-6

WTA Tour career earnings

Year Majors WTA wins Total wins Earnings ($) Money list rank
1995 0 0 0 186,567 32
1996 0 2 2 1,330,996 4
1997 3 9 12 3,400,196 1
1998 1 4 5 2,760,960 1
1999 1 6 7 2,936,425 1
2000 0 9 9 3,457,049 1
2001 0 3 3 1,765,116 5
2002 0 2 2 1,467,584 5
2003 DNP
2004 DNP
2005 0 0 0
2006 0 2 2 1,159,537 8
2007 0 1 1 618,065
Career 5 38 43 19,505,362 4

Awards and accolades

1994

  • ITF Junior Girls Singles World Champion. Won Wimbledon junior singles title (youngest junior champion there at 13 years, 276 days). Won French Open junior singles and doubles titles. Runner-up at US Open junior singles tournament.

1995

  • TENNIS Magazine Female Rookie of the Year.

1996

1997

  • Associated Press Female Athlete of the Year.
  • Selected as the Player of the Year by the WTA Tour, the International Tennis Federation, and TENNIS Magazine.
  • BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year.

1998

  • First female athlete to be on the cover of the American men's magazine GQ in June 1998.
  • WTA Tour Doubles Team of the Year with Jana Novotna.

1999

2000

  • One of five female tennis players named to the 2000 Forbes magazine Power 100 in Fame and Fortune list at No. 51.
  • WTA Tour Diamond ACES Award.

2002

  • Elected to Tour Players' Council.

2006

  • World Comeback of the Year Award at the 2006 Laureus World Sports Awards.

2007

Others

  • Except for the French Open, has won every major WTA Tour singles title at least once during her career (Grand Slam tournaments, WTA Tour Championships, and Tier I tournaments).
  • Except for Berlin, has won every major WTA Tour doubles title at least once during her career (Grand Slam tournaments, WTA Tour Championships, and Tier I tournaments).
  • 1999 French Open final (Graf d. Hingis 4–6, 7–5, 6–2) was voted by worldwide fans as the Greatest Match in 30-Year History of the Tour (online voting spanned two months and included a ballot of 16 memorable matches).
  • To celebrate the WTA Tour's 30th Anniversary, attended on-court ceremony at 2003 season-ending WTA Tour Championships that honored 13 world No. 1 champions (past and present), and founding members of the tour.

Notable matches

  • 1996 Italian Open quarterfinal: defeated Steffi Graf, 2–6, 6–2, 6–3.
  • 1996 Chase Championships final: lost to Graf, 6–3, 4–6, 6–0, 4–6, 6–0 in the only women's tournament that featured a best-of-five set final. Entering the tournament with a world ranking of seventh, Hingis ended the year as world number four.
  • 1997 French Open final: lost to Iva Majoli 6–4, 6–2. Majoli snapped Hingis's 37-match winning streak and prevented her from achieving a calendar year Grand Slam. This was Hingis's first loss in 1997.
  • 1997 US Open final: defeated Venus Williams 6–0, 6–4. The 16-year-old Hingis faced the unseeded 17-year-old Williams. The match reflected the changing of the guard in women's tennis, ushering in the new generation of power baseliners as well as the budding rivalry between Hingis and the Williams sisters.
  • 1997 Philadelphia final: defeated Lindsay Davenport 7–5, 6–7(7), 7–6(4). After winning three straight three-set matches to reach the final, the top-seeded Hingis held off third-ranked Davenport.
  • 1998 US Open final: Lost to Davenport 6–3,7–5 as Hingis, the defending champion, had no answers to Davenport's powerful and accurate shots. Many commentators viewed this match as an indication of the end of Hingis's era of dominance.
  • 1998 Chase Championships final: defeated Davenport 7–5, 6–4, 4–6, 6–2. Hingis and Davenport dominated the 1998 season, winning four and six titles, respectively, coming into the tournament. Hingis won her fifth title, although she had to settle for the number two spot as Davenport finished the year as the best women's tennis player.
  • 1999 French Open final: lost to Graf, 4–6, 7–5, 6–2. Graf won the title in her last appearance at the French Open, defeating the top three players in the world.
  • 1999 Wimbledon first round: lost to Jelena Dokic 6–2, 6–0. Billed as one of the greatest upsets in Wimbledon's 113-year history, Hingis was beaten by a qualifier in the opening round. This was only the third time in the tournament's history that the top seeded woman lost in the first round. The loss ended Hingis's streak of making at least the semifinals in 11 consecutive Grand Slam singles tournaments. Two years later, as the top seed, she also was defeated in the opening round, this time by 83rd-ranked Virginia Ruano Pascual 6–4, 6–2.
  • 1999 Grand Slam Cup semifinal: lost to Venus Williams 6–2, 6–7(6), 9–7. The fourth-seeded Williams beat the top-seeded Hingis. Williams blasted 18 aces, Hingis none.
  • 2000 Australian Open final: lost to Davenport 6–1, 7–5.
  • 2001 Australian Open quarterfinal: defeated Serena Williams 6–2, 3–6, 8–6. She went on to defeat older sister Venus in a semifinal, handing Venus her career-worst defeat, 6–1, 6–1. In doing so, she became the first player to beat both of the Williams sisters in a single Grand Slam tournament. Hingis was defeated in the final by Jennifer Capriati 6–4, 6–3.
  • 2002 Australian Open final: lost to Capriati 4–6, 7–6(7), 6–2. In her sixth straight Australian Open final, Hingis once again faced Capriati. Although Hingis led 4–0 in the second set and held four match points, she failed to close out the match. The on court temperature hovered in the mid-30s to high-40s (Celsius). As both struggled with the heat, the players were given a 10-minute heat break at the end of the second set, when they immediately walked into the locker room to lie on tables and pack their limbs with ice.
  • 2002 US Open fourth round: lost to Monica Seles 6–4, 6–2. This was the last Grand Slam match that Hingis played prior to her comeback in 2006.
  • 2006 Australian Open quarterfinal: lost to Kim Clijsters 6–3, 2–6, 6–4. In just her third tournament and her first major tournament since her comeback started, Hingis reached the quarterfinals. She became the first wildcard and lowest-ranked woman to reach that round in 25 years.
  • 2006 Tokyo (Pan Pacific) semifinal: defeated Maria Sharapova 6–3, 6–1. Hingis defeated a top five player for the first time in her comeback.
  • 2006 Indian Wells fourth round: defeated Davenport 6–3, 1–6, 6–2. Renewing a rivalry that had been shelved since 2001, Hingis notched her second top five win. This was their earliest meeting in a tournament since their first one in 1995.
  • 2006 Italian Open semifinal: defeated Venus Williams, 0–6, 6–3, 6–3. Hingis notched her 500th career win by beating an old rival.
  • 2007 Tokyo (Pan Pacific) final: defeated Ana Ivanovic 6–4, 6–2, winning her record fifth singles title at this tournament.

See also

References

External links

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