is an economic concept with commonplace familiarity; it is the price that a good or service is offered at, or will fetch, in the marketplace; it is of interest mainly in the study of microeconomics
. Market value
and market price are equal only under conditions of market efficiency, equilibrium, and rational expectations
Other measures of value
Market price is just one of a number of ways of establishing the monetary value of a good or a transaction. Others include historical cost
, the resource cost
of the good or service, an appraised value (such as the discounted present value
), economic value, intrinsic value
, and others.
The manner in which the stock market price is presented is by market quoting. This is used for technical analysis of stock markets. Stock quoting is an important feature in market prices.
Many second order factors bear on market price in practice, not least the availability of market information to suppliers and potential purchasers.
In classical economics, the market price of a good or service is established in relation with demand, and in inverse relation with supply, which is to say the market price decreases as supply increases; increases as supply decreases; increases as demand increases; and decreases as demand decreases. The actual market price will establish a particular price point, valid for a short period which is the meshing of current demand and supply.