Definitions

Marcy

Marcy

[mahr-see]
Marcy, William Learned, 1786-1857, American politician, b. Southbridge, Mass. He settled in Troy, N.Y., where he practiced law and, after serving in the War of 1812, held local offices. A Democrat and a partisan of Martin Van Buren, Marcy entered the political group known as the Albany Regency, of which he soon became a dominant figure. He served as state comptroller (1823-29) and as justice of the state supreme court (1829-31) before he entered (1831) the U.S. Senate. There he made a famous speech supporting the nomination of Van Buren as minister to England: his defense of Van Buren's methods of patronage with the claim that "to the victor belong the spoils of the enemy" supposedly gave rise to the term "spoils system." Marcy served (1833-39) as governor of New York for three terms and was a member (1840-42) of the Mexican Claims Commission. He was Secretary of War (1845-49) under President Polk and conducted that office efficiently during the Mexican War. He had drifted into opposition to Van Buren and headed the Hunkers, a faction of the New York Democratic party. The peak of Marcy's career was reached when he served as Secretary of State (1853-57) under President Pierce. He handled many delicate problems, including the Gadsden Purchase, negotiations concerning the Black Warrior affair with Spain, and the trouble arising from the filibustering expedition of William Walker in Nicaragua. He condemned the Ostend Manifesto, but he managed to maintain a neutral attitude in the rising dispute over slavery.
Marcy, Mount, 5,344 ft (1,629 m) high, NE N.Y., in the Adirondack Mts.; highest peak in the state. Lake Tear of the Clouds, on its southern slope, is the source of the main headstream of the Hudson River.
also (erroneously) called William Marcy Tweed, known as Boss Tweed

Boss Tweed

(born April 3, 1823, New York, N.Y., U.S.—died April 12, 1878, New York City) U.S. politician. He worked as a bookkeeper and volunteer firefighter. As city alderman (1851–56), he gained influence in Tammany Hall and obtained important positions in city government. He appointed political cronies to key city posts and built a group later called the Tweed ring. As head of Tammany's general committee (from 1860), he controlled the Democratic Party's nominations to all city positions. He opened a law office to receive payments for “legal services” from city contractors and corporations. Elected to the state senate (1868), he also became Tammany's grand sachem (leader) and controlled city and state political patronage. He gained control of the city treasury and plundered sums estimated at between $30 million and $200 million. Reformers and exposure by the press, including Thomas Nast's cartoons in Harper's Weekly, brought prosecution, led by Samuel Tilden, that resulted in Tweed's conviction and imprisonment (1873–75, 1876–78).

Learn more about Tweed, William Magear with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Dec. 12, 1786, Southbridge, Mass., U.S.—died July 4, 1857, Ballston Spa, N.Y.) U.S. politician. From 1823 to 1829 he was comptroller of New York state and a leading member of the “Albany Regency,” a group of powerful state Democrats. He was a justice of the state supreme court from 1829 to 1831. In the U.S. Senate (1831–33), he championed the spoils system, remarking that “To the victor belong the spoils of the enemy.” He served as governor of New York (1833–39), as U.S. secretary of war (1845–49), and as U.S. secretary of state (1853–57).

Learn more about Marcy, William L(earned) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Dec. 12, 1786, Southbridge, Mass., U.S.—died July 4, 1857, Ballston Spa, N.Y.) U.S. politician. From 1823 to 1829 he was comptroller of New York state and a leading member of the “Albany Regency,” a group of powerful state Democrats. He was a justice of the state supreme court from 1829 to 1831. In the U.S. Senate (1831–33), he championed the spoils system, remarking that “To the victor belong the spoils of the enemy.” He served as governor of New York (1833–39), as U.S. secretary of war (1845–49), and as U.S. secretary of state (1853–57).

Learn more about Marcy, William L(earned) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

orig. Amy Marcy Cheney known as Mrs. H.H.A. Beach

(born Sept. 5, 1867, Henniker, N.H., U.S.—died Dec. 27, 1944, New York, N.Y.) U.S. composer and pianist. A precociously brilliant musician, she performed as soloist with major orchestras in the U.S. and Europe. As a composer she was devoted to German Romanticism rather than American themes or sources. Her best-loved works were her songs. Her Gaelic Symphony (1894) was the first symphony by an American woman. Other works include a piano concerto (1899), the choral pieces The Chambered Nautilus (1907) and Canticle of the Sun (1928), the opera Cabildo (1932), and a piano quintet (1907).

Learn more about Beach, Amy Marcy with a free trial on Britannica.com.

orig. Amy Marcy Cheney known as Mrs. H.H.A. Beach

(born Sept. 5, 1867, Henniker, N.H., U.S.—died Dec. 27, 1944, New York, N.Y.) U.S. composer and pianist. A precociously brilliant musician, she performed as soloist with major orchestras in the U.S. and Europe. As a composer she was devoted to German Romanticism rather than American themes or sources. Her best-loved works were her songs. Her Gaelic Symphony (1894) was the first symphony by an American woman. Other works include a piano concerto (1899), the choral pieces The Chambered Nautilus (1907) and Canticle of the Sun (1928), the opera Cabildo (1932), and a piano quintet (1907).

Learn more about Beach, Amy Marcy with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Marcy is a town in Oneida County, New York, United States. The population was 9,469 at the 2000 census. The town was named after Governor William L. Marcy.

The Town of Marcy lies between the cites of Rome and Utica. The Erie Canal is in the southern part of the town.

History

The first settlers arrived around 1773. During the American Revolution, the settlers, having been warned by a friendly Oneida indian about an enemy raid, abandoned their farms until after the war. The town was resettled in 1793.

The Town of Marcy was formed in 1832 from part of the Town of Deerfield, located to the east.

In 1920, the population of Marcy was 1,191.

Not to be confused with the popular band Marcy Playground

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 33.4 square miles (86.5 km²), of which, 33.0 square miles (85.4 km²) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.2 km²) of it (1.35%) is water.

The Mohawk River defines the south town line.

The New York State Thruway (Interstate 90) passes through the southeast corner of the town.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 9,469 people, 2,003 households, and 1,526 families residing in the town. The population density was 287.2 people per square mile (110.9/km²). There were 2,073 housing units at an average density of 62.9/sq mi (24.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 68.42% White, 22.20% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 6.55% from other races, and 1.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.02% of the population.

There were 2,003 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.8% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the town the population was spread out with 13.2% under the age of 18, 13.4% from 18 to 24, 44.7% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 242.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 276.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $47,180, and the median income for a family was $54,231. Males had a median income of $30,943 versus $25,044 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,182. About 3.7% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Marcy, NY

  • Careys Corners -- A hamlet in the south part of the town by the Erie Canal. This no longer exists. It is now the offramp for NY 291 from the Utica-Rome Expressway.
  • Marcy -- The hamlet of Marcy is in the south part of the town.
  • Marcy Correctional Facility -- A state prison located near Marcy.
  • Maynard -- A hamlet in the southeast part of the town.
  • Mid-State Correctional Facility -- A prison near Marcy.
  • Stittville -- A hamlet in the northwest corner of the town.

References

External links

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