Manning

Manning

[man-ing]
Manning, Daniel, 1831-87, American journalist and political leader, b. Albany, N.Y. At the age of 11 he went to work for the Albany Atlas, which in 1856 was consolidated with the Argus; he became editor in 1865 and owner in 1873. In 1874 he became a member of the New York Democratic committee, serving as chairman from 1881 to 1884. Manning played an important part in electing Grover Cleveland governor in 1882 and in nominating him for President in 1884. He served (1885-87) as Secretary of the Treasury under Cleveland.
Manning, Henry Edward, 1808-92, English churchman, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.

Early Life and Anglican Churchman

Manning was born of a Low Church family and was educated at Harrow and at Balliol College, Oxford (B.A., 1830), gaining some reputation as a debater. He lacked the financial backing to enter politics like his friend William Ewart Gladstone, but worked for a year in a minor post of the colonial office and returned to Oxford as fellow of Merton College. He was ordained (1832) in the Anglican Church and was given a living in Sussex. By 1835 he had become an adherent of the Oxford movement. In 1841 he became archdeacon of Chichester.

By 1845 when William George Ward was degraded, Manning had become prominent in the Oxford movement, and his letters of succeeding years, as well as his visit to Rome (1847), foretold his following of John Henry Newman and Ward into the Roman Catholic Church. When the bishop of Exeter was compelled by the privy council (1850) to institute G. C. Gorham to a benefice despite Gorham's open disbelief in the doctrine of baptismal regeneration, Manning left the Church of England and entered (1851) the Roman communion.

Catholic Churchman

Ordained a Catholic priest, Manning became a celebrated confessor, an ardent advocate of prison reform, and a constant promoter of schemes for alleviating the condition of the poor. His society of Oblates of St. Charles (1857) carried on much of this work. One of the most trusted advisers of Cardinal Wiseman, Manning was made (1857) provost of the Westminster chapter, and on Wiseman's death, he was appointed archbishop (1865). He greatly expanded Catholic education in England and furthered the education of the poor. He strongly opposed Catholic participation in Anglican universities, thereby bringing himself into conflict with Newman.

His advocacy of the rights of workers brought much abuse upon him from conservatives, but he fearlessly forwarded the movement within his church that culminated in the encyclical of Leo XIII on the rights of labor. In his later years he was constantly called on to speak at labor-union conventions and to serve on strike arbitration boards. He was an advocate of slum clearance and teetotalism. In 1869 and 1870, Manning was a leader in the movement that favored the dogma of papal infallibility, and he inclined to view Newman and others who thought it an untimely move as decidedly lukewarm Catholics. This intensified the dislike between Newman and Manning. In 1875, Manning was created cardinal. Many regard as the greatest single achievement of Manning's career the strong support he gave the strikers in the great London dock strike (1889) and his single-handed settlement of it.

Bibliography

Manning's Rule of Faith (1839) and Unity of the Church (1842) were important in the history of the Oxford movement. Among his Catholic works, The Eternal Priesthood (1883) is best known. See biographies by E. S. Purcell (2 vol., 1895-96, repr. 1973), S. Leslie (rev. ed. 1954), and V. A. McClelland (1962); G. Donald, Men Who Left the Movement (1967); L. Strachey, Eminent Victorians (1918, repr. 1969).

Manning, Olivia, 1911-80, English novelist, b. Portsmouth, Hampshire. During World War II she served as a journalist in the Middle East. She is best known for her "Balkan trilogy": The Great Fortune (1960), The Spoilt City (1962), and Friends and Heroes (1966). These novels concern a British diplomat and his wife in Eastern Europe during World War II, and they brilliantly juxtapose historical and personal events.
Manning, Patrick Augustus Mervyn, 1946-, Trinidadian political leader, prime minister of Trinidad and Tobago (1991-95, 2001-), b. San Fernando. He entered politics in the 1960s while studying geology at the Univ. of the West Indies in Mona, Jamaica. Returning to Trinidad in 1970, Manning became active in the People's National Movement (PNM) and was elected to parliament in 1971. He held various cabinet posts and in 1986 assumed leadership of the PNM in opposition. The 1991 elections brought the PNM back to power, with Manning as prime minister. The PNM lost to an opposition coalition headed by Basdeo Panday in 1995, but Manning and his party returned to power in 2001. Manning has been an advocate of economic and political union for island nations of the E Caribbean.
Manning, Peyton Williams, 1976-, American football player, b. New Orleans. Part of a National Football League quarterback dynasty (his father, Archie, led the New Orleans Saints; his brother Eli plays for the New York Giants), Manning was All-America at the Univ. of Tennessee. The number-one pick by the Indianapolis Colts in 1998, he has quarterbacked the team ever since, becoming the most successful passer in Colts history. With a powerful arm, pinpoint accuracy, and an ability to read the defense, he led the Colts to victory over the Chicago Bears in Super Bowl XLI (2007) and was named game MVP. He also has been named the NFL's MVP a record four times (2003-4, 2008-9), surpassing Brett Favre.

See his Manning: A Father, His Sons, and a Football Legacy (2000), with Archie Manning.

Manning, Preston, 1942-, Canadian political leader. Although he is the son of Ernest C. Manning, a leader of the Social Credit party who was premier of Alberta for 25 years, Preston Manning headed a management consulting firm for many years before he entered Canadian national politics. In 1987 he was one of the founders of the Reform party, a largely western, conservative, and strongly federalist party that arose in part in opposition to Prime Minister Brian Mulroney's attempt to negotiate a special status for Quebec within Canada. Elected to Parliament in 1993, he became opposition leader after the 1997 balloting, when the Reform party won 60 seats. After the party reconstituted itself as the Canadian Alliance in 2000, he was defeated for leadership of the party by Stockwell Day; he retired from politics in 2002. Manning wrote The New Canada (1992).
Manning, Robert: see Mannyng, Robert.
Manning, William Thomas, 1866-1949, American Episcopal bishop of New York, b. England, received his collegiate and theological training at the Univ. of the South, Sewanee, Tenn. Ordained a priest (1891), he served parishes in California, Pennsylvania, and Tennessee and taught dogmatic theology at the Univ. of the South before becoming rector of Trinity parish, New York City, in 1908. Manning was bishop of New York from 1921 until his retirement in 1946.
known as Cardinal Manning

(born July 15, 1808, Totteridge, Hertfordshire, Eng.—died Jan. 14, 1892, London) British Roman Catholic cardinal. The son of a banker and member of Parliament, he was ordained a priest of the Church of England in 1833. A member of the Oxford movement, he became a Catholic in 1851 and was ordained a priest later that year. He rose rapidly in rank, being appointed archbishop of Westminster in 1865 and cardinal in 1875. He favoured the centralization of authority in the church (Ultramontanism) and supported stronger wording on papal infallibility than was eventually adopted by the First Vatican Council. He established many schools and was highly regarded for his concern for social welfare.

Learn more about Manning, Henry Edward with a free trial on Britannica.com.

known as Cardinal Manning

(born July 15, 1808, Totteridge, Hertfordshire, Eng.—died Jan. 14, 1892, London) British Roman Catholic cardinal. The son of a banker and member of Parliament, he was ordained a priest of the Church of England in 1833. A member of the Oxford movement, he became a Catholic in 1851 and was ordained a priest later that year. He rose rapidly in rank, being appointed archbishop of Westminster in 1865 and cardinal in 1875. He favoured the centralization of authority in the church (Ultramontanism) and supported stronger wording on papal infallibility than was eventually adopted by the First Vatican Council. He established many schools and was highly regarded for his concern for social welfare.

Learn more about Manning, Henry Edward with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Manning is a city in Carroll County, Iowa, United States, along Iowa Highway 141. As of the 2000, the city population was 1,490. Manning was named in honor of a former Iowa Lieutenant Governor Orlando Harrison Manning.

History

Prior to formation, the area of Manning was a swampy region occasionally used by local Native Americans for hunting. There were no nearby rivers and few trees.

The Iowa Southwestern was completed in 1880 and some yards and a depot were constructed at the future location of Manning, in the summer of 1881. In 1881 the Chicago, Milwaukee, and St. Paul Railroad was also constructing a road across Iowa, south of and parallel to the Northwestern. These railroads interesected at what is now Manning.

Farmers cannot afford to give up their day job

Inhabitants of Manning were interviewed for a March 27, 2000 article, by Jennifer Dukes Lee and George Anthan, in the Des Moines Register.

Lee quoted Scott Dreier, "It's all about hurrying up to get the farming done so I can get to my job and get a paycheck. It becomes a rat race. It's a killer." Lee also interviewed Glen Ahrendsen who, having lost $30,000 on his hog operation as prices fell, had taken a second job at the Manning Regional Healthcare Facility. Lee notes, "On weekdays, the father sees his son for only 39 minutes." Lee spoke with farmer Andy Stangl who also works 52 hours a week at a feed mill in Arcadia. Stangl says, "I just want to be happy."

The article concluded with a quote by farmer Barry Kusel, "The family farm as we knew it, that's gone."

Geography

Manning is located at (41.908642, -95.063218), along the West Nishnabotna River near its source.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.2 km²), of which, 2.4 square miles (6.2 km²) of it is land and 0.42% is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,490 people, 650 households, and 391 families residing in the city. The population density was 624.0 people per square mile (240.7/km²). There were 702 housing units at an average density of 294.0/sq mi (113.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.79% White, 0.20% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.27% from other races, and 0.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.47% of the population.

There were 650 households out of which 23.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.7% were non-families. 37.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 22.3% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 28.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 83.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,083, and the median income for a family was $43,021. Males had a median income of $28,214 versus $19,432 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,806. About 3.7% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

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