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Manley

Manley

Manley, Mary de la Rivière, 1663-1724, English author, one of the first women to earn a living by writing. Notorious because of her marriage to her cousin, who was already married and who later deserted her, she turned to literature and avenged herself on society by writing several scandalous memoirs disguised as prose romances. The New Atalantis (1709), her most notable book, abused every prominent member of the Whig party then in power and involved her in a court suit. She collaborated with Swift on various Tory pamphlets and in 1711 succeeded him as editor of the Examiner.
Manley, Michael Norman, 1924-97, prime minister of Jamaica (1972-80, 1989-92); son of Norman Manley. A leader of the socialist People's National party, he was first elected to parliament in 1967. Winning a landslide victory in 1972, he shifted Jamaican politics to the left, establishing close relations to Cuba, nationalizing industry, and denouncing U.S. imperialism. He was reelected in 1976, but in 1980 lost to conservative Edward Seaga. Manley was returned to power in 1989, this time leading a more moderate government and encouraging foreign investment. Following serious illness, he resigned in 1992.
Manley, Norman Washington, 1893-1969, prime minister of Jamaica (1959-62); father of Michael Manley. Of Irish and African descent, he was educated at Oxford and became an internationally known lawyer. He founded the moderately socialist People's National party in 1938, and, with his cousin, Alexander Bustamante, dominated Jamaican politics for several decades. He served as chief minister of Jamaica (1955-59) before being designated prime minister. He pushed land reform and encouraged economic growth, especially in the bauxite and tourist industries. He was the architect of the short-lived West Indies Federation (1958-62; see under West Indies).

(born Dec. 10, 1924, St. Andrew, Jam.—died March 6, 1997, Kingston) Jamaican political leader. Son of a prime minister of Jamaica and a sculptor, Manley was a leader of the People's National Party and the National Worker's Union before becoming prime minister in 1972. His leftist government made significant improvements in housing, education, and health care, but a dramatic rise in oil prices precipitated an economic crisis. Much of the middle class fled the country, unemployment rose to 30percnt, and violence broke out in the run-up to the 1980 election, in which he was defeated. He was reelected in 1989, this time as a moderate; he stepped down in 1992 for health reasons.

Learn more about Manley, Michael (Norman) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Dec. 10, 1924, St. Andrew, Jam.—died March 6, 1997, Kingston) Jamaican political leader. Son of a prime minister of Jamaica and a sculptor, Manley was a leader of the People's National Party and the National Worker's Union before becoming prime minister in 1972. His leftist government made significant improvements in housing, education, and health care, but a dramatic rise in oil prices precipitated an economic crisis. Much of the middle class fled the country, unemployment rose to 30percnt, and violence broke out in the run-up to the 1980 election, in which he was defeated. He was reelected in 1989, this time as a moderate; he stepped down in 1992 for health reasons.

Learn more about Manley, Michael (Norman) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born July 28, 1844, Stratford, Essex, Eng.—died June 8, 1889, Dublin, Ire.) British poet. After studies at Oxford, he converted to Roman Catholicism and eventually became a Jesuit priest. He burned his youthful verses as inappropriate to his profession; he began writing again in 1875 but was increasingly troubled by the tension between his religious vocation and his delight in the sensuous world. One of the most individual of Victorian writers, he is noted for intense language, compressed syntax, and innovations in prosody, including sprung rhythm. His best-known poems include “The Wreck of the Deutschland,” “Pied Beauty,” “God's Grandeur,” and “The Windhover.” He died of typhoid at age 44. His work, though not published in collected form until 1918 (by his friend Robert Bridges), influenced many 20th-century poets.

Learn more about Hopkins, Gerard Manley with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born July 28, 1844, Stratford, Essex, Eng.—died June 8, 1889, Dublin, Ire.) British poet. After studies at Oxford, he converted to Roman Catholicism and eventually became a Jesuit priest. He burned his youthful verses as inappropriate to his profession; he began writing again in 1875 but was increasingly troubled by the tension between his religious vocation and his delight in the sensuous world. One of the most individual of Victorian writers, he is noted for intense language, compressed syntax, and innovations in prosody, including sprung rhythm. His best-known poems include “The Wreck of the Deutschland,” “Pied Beauty,” “God's Grandeur,” and “The Windhover.” He died of typhoid at age 44. His work, though not published in collected form until 1918 (by his friend Robert Bridges), influenced many 20th-century poets.

Learn more about Hopkins, Gerard Manley with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Manley is a village in Cass County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 191 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Manley is located at (40.920549, -96.165495).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 191 people, 69 households, and 52 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,141.6 people per square mile (819.4/km²). There were 71 housing units at an average density of 796.1/sq mi (304.6/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.86% White, and 3.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.52% of the population.

There were 69 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.6% were non-families. 18.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the village the population was spread out with 33.0% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 34.6% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 85.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.5 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $43,750, and the median income for a family was $52,500. Males had a median income of $33,750 versus $21,750 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,398. About 6.3% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under the age of eighteen and none of those sixty five or over.

References

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