Mallory, George Herbert Leigh, 1886-1924, English mountain climber. After some spectacular ascents in the Alps, he participated in the Everest expeditions of 1921, 1922, and 1924. The 1924 expedition culminated in a bold and possibly successful drive toward the summit by Mallory and Andrew Irvine, from which they did not return; Mallory's body was discovered on Everest in 1999. Mallory's intelligence, resolution, and superb leadership, together with the mystery surrounding his final effort, have made his name legendary among mountaineers. His name also appears as George Herbert Leigh-Mallory.

See C. Anker and D. Roberts, The Lost Explorer (1999); D. Breashears and A. Salkeld, Last Climb (1999); P. Firstbrook, Lost on Everest (1999).

Mallory, Stephen Russell, c.1813-73, U.S. Senator, secretary of the navy in the Confederacy, b. Trinidad, West Indies. He was raised in Key West, Fla., where he practiced law and was a customs official. Elected to the U.S. Senate in 1851 and reelected in 1857, Mallory served until Florida seceded. Long chairman of the Senate committee on naval affairs, he became (Feb., 1861) secretary of the navy in the Confederacy. Mallory ardently advocated ironclad warships for the navy. However, efforts to secure ironclads from England and France proved futile, and of the few constructed in the Confederacy the most outstanding, the Virginia (see Monitor and Merrimack) and the Mississippi, had to be destroyed to prevent their falling into Union hands. Mallory was captured in flight with Jefferson Davis in 1865 and was imprisoned. On his release in 1866, he resumed the practice of law in Florida.
Mallory is a census-designated place (CDP) in Logan County, West Virginia, United States. The population was 1,143 at the 2000 census.


Mallory is located at (37.730315, -81.835857).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 11.5 square miles (29.9 km²), all of it land.


As of the census of 2000, there were 1,143 people, 437 households, and 343 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 99.2 people per square mile (38.3/km²). There were 491 housing units at an average density of 42.6/sq mi (16.4/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.94% White, 2.27% African American, 0.09% Asian, and 0.70% from two or more races.

There were 437 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.1% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.5% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $24,458, and the median income for a family was $27,813. Males had a median income of $27,625 versus $14,750 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $11,654. About 21.8% of families and 25.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.7% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.


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