The Consolidated Municipality of Carson City is the capital of the State of Nevada. The population was 52,457 at the 2000 census. Carson City is now an independent city and is its own Metropolitan Statistical Area. Like many towns in Nevada, Carson City was founded in the boom days of mining. A center of silver mining, Carson City was the county seat of the former Ormsby County and was named for explorer Kit Carson.
The largest nearby city to Carson City is Reno, about to the north. Carson City is one of only two capital cities in the United States that borders another state (Carson City borders California); the other is Trenton, New Jersey (bordering Pennsylvania). Alaska's capital city, Juneau, borders British Columbia, Canada.
There are 20,171 households, out of which 29.80% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.00% are married couples living together, 11.00% have a female householder with no husband present, and 34.30% are non-families. 27.80% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.00% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.44 and the average family size is 2.97.
The city's age distribution is: 23.40% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 39 years. For every 100 females there are 106.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 108.20 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $41,809, and the median income for a family is $49,570. Males have a median income of $35,296 versus $27,418 for females. The per capita income for the city is $20,943. 10.00% of the population and 6.90% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 13.70% of those under the age of 18 and 5.80% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
The city limits of Carson City cover , making it one of largest cities in terms of area in the state. Downtown Carson City lies in Eagle Valley, which is surrounded by the Carson Range to the west and the Virginia Range to the east. Snow Valley Peak, which rises in the Sierra Nevada, is the highest point in the city and is accessible along the Tahoe Rim Trail and through Lake Tahoe-Nevada State Park. To the west the city limits stretch to the California state line, encompassing a portion of the Lake Tahoe shore. The portion of Carson City borderig Lake Tahoe is accessible only along Highway 28 and is known as the Carson City Wilderness Area. Like much of the western portion of the city limits, the eastern part of Carson City is largely wilderness area and accessible only through jeep and hiking trails. The Carson River flows through this part of the city.
Elementary schools include Bordewich-Bray Elementary School, Empire Elementary School, Fremont Elementary School, Fritsch Elementary School, Seeliger Elementary School, and Mark Twain Elementary School.
Carson Middle School and Eagle Valley Middle School are the district's two middle schools. Carson High School is the sole district public high school serving Carson City. In addition Silver State Charter High School is located in Carson City.
The Regional Transportation System of Washoe County (RTC) provides public transportation service between Reno and Carson City, and on Oct. 3, 2005, Carson City's first bus system, Jump Around Carson, or JAC opened to the public.
Carson City is also served by the Carson Airport, which is a regional airport in the northern part of the city.
The Shootist was John Wayne's last movie.
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