is a Balkan
word for "neighbourhood
" or "quarter
", a section of a rural or urban settlement, dating to the times of the Ottoman Empire
. It was brought to the area through Ottoman Turkish mahalle
, but it originates in Arabic mähallä
, from the root meaning "to settle", "to occupy". It is rendered as follows in the languages of the region: махала, mahala
; mahala; mahallë; μαχαλας, machalas
; маало, maalo
; ; . A mahala was a relatively independent quarter of a larger village or a town, with its own school
, religious building or buildings, mayor's representative, etc. Mahalas are often named after the first settler or, when ethnically separate, according to the dominant ethnicity.
In Bulgaria, mahalas were administratively considered a separate type of settlement on some occasions; today, settlements are only divided into towns or villages, and the official division of towns is into quarters. In rural mountainous areas, villages were often scattered and consisted of relatively separate mahalas with badly developed infrastructure.
In Romanian, the word mahala has come to have the strictly negative or pejorative connotations of a slum or ghetto that are not present or at least not as strongly implied in other languages. For example, mahala is the name used in Romany for the ghettos around Bucharest.