Mackay, Hugh, 1640?-1692, Scottish soldier. After service with several continental armies, he joined the Dutch forces in 1673, took his regiment to England (1685) to help suppress the uprising in favor of the duke of Monmouth, and in 1688 accompanied William of Orange (William III) to England. Commanding English troops in Scotland, he was defeated by the Jacobites under Viscount Dundee at Killiecrankie (1689) but later put down the Jacobite rising. He was killed fighting the French in the battle of Steenkerke.
Mackay, John William, 1831-1902, American financier, b. Dublin, Ireland. He immigrated to the United States in 1840. In 1859 he joined the rush to Nevada, where silver had been discovered. He and J. G. Fair, later joined by William Shoney O'Brien and J. C. Flood, acquired control of valuable silver mines, which yielded them great fortunes. With James Gordon Bennett he founded (1883) the Commercial Cable Company and laid two submarine cables to Europe. Later (1886) he organized the Postal Telegraph Cable Company.
MacKay, Peter, 1966-, Canadian politician, b. New Glasgow, N.S. A lawyer who briefly worked (1992-93) in Germany, MacKay returned to his native Nova Scotia in 1993 and became a crown attorney. Elected to the federal parliament as a Progressive Conservative in 1997, he became Tory House leader, a position he held until 2002, when he resigned to run for the party leadership. In 2003, the youthful MacKay was chosen to succeed Joe Clark as leader of the Progressive Conservative party, winning in part because he agreed not to seek a merger with the Canadian Alliance. A few months later, however, he led his party into a merger with the Alliance to form the Conservative party of Canada, and subsequently became the new party's deputy leader. After the party came to power in 2006, he served as foreign affairs minister (2006-7) and defense minister (2007-).
Mackay, city (1991 pop. 40,250), Queensland, NE Australia on the Pioneer River. A port city, Mackay exports sugar, beef, and coal.
George Robert Aberigh-Mackay (July 25, 1848-January 12, 1881), Anglo-Indian writer, son of a Bengal chaplain, was educated at Magdalen College School, Oxford and Cambridge University. Entering the Indian education department in 1870, he became professor of English literature in Delhi College in 1873, tutor to the Raja of Rutlam in 1876, and principal of the Rajkumar College at Indore in 1877.

He is best known for his book Twenty-one Days in India (1878-1879), a satire upon Anglo-Indian society and modes of thought. This book gave promise of a successful literary career, but the author died at the age of thirty-three.

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