M. Crawford Young
(b. November 7
) is Professor Emeritus
of Political Science at the University of Wisconsin-Madison
He received his B.A.
from the University of Michigan
and his PhD
in 1964, where his advisor was the famed scholar Rupert Emerson
, the only person ever to serve as president of both the African Studies Associaion and the Asian Studies Association.
Young became an Assistant Professor at Wisconisin in 1963, and published his first major work, Politics in the Congo: Decolonization and Independence
. He became prominent as the author in 1976 of the highly influential The Politics of Cultural Pluralism
, which was awarded the Herskovitz Prize
by the African Studies
Association. His 1994 book, The African Colonial State in Comparative Perspective
, won the Lubbert Prize
from the American Political Science Association
as the best book written that year in the field of Comparative Politics
He has held chairmanship of the UW-Madison political science department twice (1969-72; 1984-87), and was between 1973-75 Dean of the Faculty of Social Science at the Université Nationale du Zaire. He retired in 2001 as a full professor but remained active in his field, publishing "The End of the Postcolonial State in Africa?" in the journal African Affairs in 2004.
His Work's Emphasis
Professor Young's primary contributions to political science have come from his work on the Zairian
(and later, African) state and on the politics of cultural identity in the third world, which was theoretically innovative and presaged the conteporary "instrumentalist" and "constructivist" approaches to political identity.
- Politics in the Congo: Decolonization and Independence, 1965
- Issues of Political Development (with Charles Anderson and Fred von der Mehden), 1967
- The Politics of Cultural Pluralism, 1976, University of Wisconsin Press
- Cooperatives and Development: Agricultural Politics in Ghana and Uganda (with Neal Sherman and Tim Rose), 1981
- Ideology and Development in Africa, 1982, Yale University Press
- The Rise and Decline of the Zairian State (with Thomas Turner), 1985, University of Wisconsin Press
- The Rising Tide of Cultural Pluralism: The Nation-State at Bay?, 1993, University of Wisconsin Press
- The African Colonial State in Comparative Perspective, 1994, Yale University Press