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lyndon

Lyndon Baines Johnson

[jon-suhn; for 3 also Sw. yoon-sawn]

Lyndon B. Johnson

(born Aug. 27, 1908, Gillespie county, Texas, U.S.—died Jan. 22, 1973, San Antonio, Texas) 36th president of the U.S. (1963–69). He taught school in Houston, Texas, before going to Washington, D.C., in 1932 as a congressional aide. In Washington he was befriended by Sam Rayburn, speaker of the House of Representatives, and his political career blossomed. He won a seat in the U.S. House (1937–49) as a supporter of the New Deal, which was under conservative attack. His loyalty impressed Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt, who made Johnson his protégé. He won election to the U.S. Senate in 1949 in a vicious campaign that involved fraud on both sides. As Democratic whip (1951–55) and majority leader (1955–61), he developed a talent for consensus building through methods both tactful and ruthless. He was largely responsible for passage of the civil rights bills of 1957 and 1960, the first in the 20th century. In 1960 he was elected vice president under John F. Kennedy; he became president after Kennedy's assassination in 1963. In his first few months in office he won passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the most comprehensive and far-reaching legislation of its kind in American history. Later that year he announced his Great Society program of social-welfare and civil rights legislation. His attention to domestic matters, however, was diverted by the country's escalating involvement in the Vietnam War (see Gulf of Tonkin Resolution), which provoked large student demonstrations and other protests, beginning in the late 1960s. Meanwhile, discontent and alienation among the young and racial minorities increased as the promises of the Great Society failed to materialize. By 1967 Johnson's popularity had declined steeply, and in early 1968 he announced that he would not seek reelection. He retired to his Texas ranch.

Learn more about Johnson, Lyndon B(aines) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Lyndon B. Johnson

(born Aug. 27, 1908, Gillespie county, Texas, U.S.—died Jan. 22, 1973, San Antonio, Texas) 36th president of the U.S. (1963–69). He taught school in Houston, Texas, before going to Washington, D.C., in 1932 as a congressional aide. In Washington he was befriended by Sam Rayburn, speaker of the House of Representatives, and his political career blossomed. He won a seat in the U.S. House (1937–49) as a supporter of the New Deal, which was under conservative attack. His loyalty impressed Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt, who made Johnson his protégé. He won election to the U.S. Senate in 1949 in a vicious campaign that involved fraud on both sides. As Democratic whip (1951–55) and majority leader (1955–61), he developed a talent for consensus building through methods both tactful and ruthless. He was largely responsible for passage of the civil rights bills of 1957 and 1960, the first in the 20th century. In 1960 he was elected vice president under John F. Kennedy; he became president after Kennedy's assassination in 1963. In his first few months in office he won passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the most comprehensive and far-reaching legislation of its kind in American history. Later that year he announced his Great Society program of social-welfare and civil rights legislation. His attention to domestic matters, however, was diverted by the country's escalating involvement in the Vietnam War (see Gulf of Tonkin Resolution), which provoked large student demonstrations and other protests, beginning in the late 1960s. Meanwhile, discontent and alienation among the young and racial minorities increased as the promises of the Great Society failed to materialize. By 1967 Johnson's popularity had declined steeply, and in early 1968 he announced that he would not seek reelection. He retired to his Texas ranch.

Learn more about Johnson, Lyndon B(aines) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Lyndon is a village in Whiteside County, Illinois, United States. The population was 566 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Lyndon is located at (41.716821, -89.923186).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 566 people, 236 households, and 165 families residing in the village. The population density was 689.6 people per square mile (266.5/km²). There were 254 housing units at an average density of 309.4/sq mi (119.6/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.64% White, 0.18% African American, 1.24% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.35% from other races, and 1.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.24% of the population.

There were 236 households out of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the village the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 102.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $37,375, and the median income for a family was $41,528. Males had a median income of $30,469 versus $22,813 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,870. About 5.6% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.

Lyndon is also known as the "Crow Capital of the World", celebrated in the past with a Crow Festival. The village at one time had an official mascot which was a real life crow, named Rocky the Crow.

References

External links

Lyndon Historical Society Museum

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