Lynch

Lynch

[linch]
Lynch, Charles, 1736-96, American Revolutionary soldier, b. near the site of Lynchburg, Va. A member (1767-76) of the Virginia house of burgesses, he took a prominent part in the preparations for war. When a Tory conspiracy was discovered (1780) in Bedford co., where he had been a justice of the peace from 1774, Lynch, a zealous patriot, presided over an extralegal court that meted out summary punishment to the Loyalists. From this action is said to come the origin of the term "lynch law." Lynch clearly exceeded his authority, but he was later exonerated by the state legislature. He led a volunteer regiment at the battle of Guilford Courthouse in 1781.
Lynch, Jack (John Mary Lynch), 1917-99, Irish statesman. Before he embarked on his political career, he gained nationwide fame as an athlete, captaining several winning hurling teams in the 1930s and 40s. He studied law at University College in Cork and at the King's Inns in Dublin and was admitted to the bar in 1945. He entered the Dáil (parliament) in 1948 as a member of the Fianna Fáil party. Beginning in 1951, Lynch rose steadily in the government. He was minister for education (1957-59), for industry and commerce (1959-65), and for finance (1965-66). He demonstrated great ability as a mediator in major labor disputes and in 1966 was elected to succeed Sean F. Lemass as prime minister of the Republic of Ireland. Reelected in 1969, he became involved in a series of tense political disputes over his policy toward the escalating violence between Protestants and Roman Catholics in Northern Ireland. Lynch also led the republic into the European Community (now the European Union). His party was defeated in the 1973 election, but was returned to power in 1977; he served a second term as prime minister from 1977 to 1979.
Lynch, Thomas, 1749-79, political figure in the American Revolution, signer of the Declaration of Independence, b. Prince George's Parish, Winyaw, S.C. He was the son of a Carolina statesman, Thomas Lynch, and is known as Thomas Lynch, Jr. He was elected (1776) to the Continental Congress but soon resigned because of ill health. In an attempt to regain his health, Lynch sailed for the West Indies and was lost at sea.
Lynch is a city in Harlan County, Kentucky, United States. It was plotted in 1917 by the US Coal and Coke Company as a company town to house workers at the company's nearby coal mines. It was named for the then head of the company, Thomas Lynch. By the 1940s Lynch had a population of over 10,000 and had such amenities as a hospital and movie theatre.

The population declined dramatically in the 1960s and 1970's as mining techniques shifted to less labor intensive methods. In the 2000 census, the city population was 900. The 2007 population estimate had Lynch's population at 828.

Lynch is the nearest city to Kentucky's highest point, Black Mountain, elevation 4145. Sitting at an elevation of 1600 feet above sea level, Lynch is Kentucky's highest incorporated city.

Geography

Lynch is located at (36.965133, -82.916569).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.9 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 900 people, 408 households, and 250 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,753.1 people per square mile (1,053.0/km²). There were 514 housing units at an average density of 1,572.3/sq mi (601.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.33% White, 24.89% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 0.33% of the population.

There were 408 households out of which 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.7% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.5% were non-families. 36.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.88.

The age distribution was 22.6% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 82.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $17,609, and the median income for a family was $21,625. Males had a median income of $31,500 versus $19,038 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,369. About 36.7% of families and 37.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 57.6% of those under age 18 and 25.9% of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

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