Lycopersicon was a genus in the flowering plant family Solanaceae (the nightshades and relative). It contains 13 confirmed species in the tomato group of nightshades; a few others might also belong here. First removed from the genus Solanum by Philip Miller in 1754, its removal leaves the latter genus paraphyletic, so modern botanists generally accept the names in Solanum. The name Lycopersicon is still used by gardeners, farmers, and seed companies. Collectively, the species in this group apart from the common cultivated plant are called wild tomatoes.
Cladistic analysis of DNA sequence data confirms Lycopersicon as a clade that is part of a lineage of nightshades also including the potato (S. tuberosum). If it is desired to continue use of Lycopersicon, it can be held as a section inside the potato-tomato subgenus whose name has to be determined in accordance with the ICBN.
Colloquially, wild tomato is used for several unrelated Solanum species with tomato-like fruit or leaves. The term is inaccurate and may be dangerous, as some of these species may be fatally poisonous:
Analysis of elicitor-induced cell viability changes in Lycopersicon esculentum mill. suspension culture by different methods
Mar 01, 2003; SUMMARY Viability changes and hydrogen peroxide production in cultured Lycopersicon esculentum cv. Rio Grande (tomato) cells...
Effect of ash pond soil and amendments on the growth and arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization of Allium cepa and germination of Arachis hypogaea, Lycopersicon esculentum, and Vigna mungo seeds
Jan 01, 2002; The effect of fly ash pond soil on the growth and yield of onion (Allium cepa var. microaggregatum) plants grown in pots was...
Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum CV. Pera) hairy root cultures: Characterization and changes in peroxidase activity under NaCl treatment
May 01, 2003; SUMMARY Hairy root cultures of Lycopersicon esculentum L. Mill cv. Pera were established by infection of leaf explants with...
Differential benefits of rock phosphate (RP) by tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) plant as affected by nitrogen forms and soil types.(Report)
Apr 01, 2010; INTRODUCTION Extensive tracts of land in the tropical and sub-tropical regions of Asia, Africa and Latin America contain highly...