Juveniles are found inshore over grass beds or shallow reefs. Adults are found offshore off wrecks and on reefs. The lane snapper is abundant in South Florida (specifically in the Florida Keys), extending down into the Caribbean and East into the Bahamas.
The Florida record is 6 lb 6 oz (2.9 kg).
The lane snapper spawns March through September; sexually mature at 6 inches (15 cm); feeds on bottom, taking crustaceans, mollusks, and smaller fish. The lane snapper, like other species of snapper, is prized for its tasty white meat.