Lucky

Lucky

[luhk-ee]
Luciano, Lucky (Charles Luciano), 1896-1962, American crime boss, b. near Palermo, Sicily, as Salvatore Luciana. His family emigrated in 1906, settling in New York City, where he almost immediately embarked on a life of crime. Jailed briefly (1916) for narcotics sales, he was soon associated with Meyer Lansky, "Bugsy" Siegel, and Frank Costello. In 1920 he entered the crime family of "Joe the Boss" Masseria and within five years was overseeing bootlegging, prostitution, and other illegal enterprises. A gang war with Salvatore Maranzano's crime family ended in 1931 when Luciano had both older gangsters murdered. Thereafter, he helped bring a corporate structure and approach to organized crime as a leader of the newly formed Syndicate. Luciano lived up to his nickname until 1935 when reformer Thomas E. Dewey targeted him. A year later he was convicted of prostitution charges and imprisoned, but he continued as a mob boss from his cell. During World War II he helped U.S. naval intelligence end waterfront sabotage in New York, and in 1946 his sentence was commuted. Deported to Italy, he maintained considerable control over American drug traffic until his death.

See biographies by H. Powell (1939, repr. 2000) and S. Feder and J. Joesten (1954, repr. 1994); M. A. Gosch, The Last Testament of Lucky Luciano (1975).

Game of chance played with cards having a grid of numbered squares corresponding to numbered balls drawn at random. When a number on the card is drawn, the players cover that number (should they have it); the game is won by covering a certain number of squares in a row (vertically, horizontally, or diagonally). Cards are purchased and proceeds are placed into a common “pot”; winning cards are awarded a portion of the pot. Wildly popular in the mid 20th century, bingo has in recent decades suffered a decline in America but has increased in popularity in other parts of the world. The earliest name for bingo—lotto—was recorded in Britain in 1776; the game is sometimes called keno in the U.S.

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orig. Salvatore Lucania later Charles Luciano

(born Nov. 11, 1896, Lercara Friddi, Sicily, Italy—died Jan. 26, 1962, Capodicino Airport, Naples) Italian-born U.S. gangster. He immigrated with his family to New York in 1906 and soon was involved in crime. In 1916 he conspired with Frank Costello, Meyer Lansky, and other young gangsters, earning the nickname “Lucky” by evading arrest and winning at craps. He joined the crime gang of Joe Masseria in 1920 and was soon directing Masseria's bootlegging, narcotics, and prostitution rackets. In 1931 he had both Masseria and rival boss Salvatore Maranzano murdered; by 1934 he was “boss of all bosses” in a national crime syndicate. Jailed for extortion in 1936, he continued to direct criminal operations from his prison cell. In 1946 his sentence was commuted, and he was deported to Italy, where he directed drug traffic and the smuggling of aliens into the U.S.

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orig. Salvatore Lucania later Charles Luciano

(born Nov. 11, 1896, Lercara Friddi, Sicily, Italy—died Jan. 26, 1962, Capodicino Airport, Naples) Italian-born U.S. gangster. He immigrated with his family to New York in 1906 and soon was involved in crime. In 1916 he conspired with Frank Costello, Meyer Lansky, and other young gangsters, earning the nickname “Lucky” by evading arrest and winning at craps. He joined the crime gang of Joe Masseria in 1920 and was soon directing Masseria's bootlegging, narcotics, and prostitution rackets. In 1931 he had both Masseria and rival boss Salvatore Maranzano murdered; by 1934 he was “boss of all bosses” in a national crime syndicate. Jailed for extortion in 1936, he continued to direct criminal operations from his prison cell. In 1946 his sentence was commuted, and he was deported to Italy, where he directed drug traffic and the smuggling of aliens into the U.S.

Learn more about Luciano, Lucky with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Lucky is a village in Bienville Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 355 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Lucky is located at (32.233692, -93.015515).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 21.3 km² (8.2 mi²). 21.2 km² (8.2 mi²) of it is land and 0.12% is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 355 people, 123 households, and 83 families residing in the village. The population density was 16.7/km² (43.3/mi²). There were 151 housing units at an average density of 7.1/km² (18.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the village was 30.14% White, 69.30% African American, 0.28% Asian, and 0.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.41% of the population.

There were 123 households out of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.2% were married couples living together, 26.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.63.

In the village the population was spread out with 36.1% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 16.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $15,625, and the median income for a family was $17,500. Males had a median income of $27,212 versus $13,594 for females. The per capita income for the village was $7,058. About 40.5% of families and 51.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 68.6% of those under age 18 and 34.2% of those age 65 or over.

Notable natives and residents

References

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