[lok, lokh]
Derg, Lough, in Ireland. 1 Expansion of the Shannon River, 23 mi (37 km) long and 1 to 5 mi (1.6-8 km) wide, W central Republic of Ireland. On the lake is the republic's first (1927) major hydroelectric power plant, with an 85,000-kW capacity. On Holy Island or Iniscaltra are ruins of churches and a round tower. 2 Lake, c.20 sq mi (50 sq km), Co. Donegal, NW Republic of Ireland. Station Island, traditional site of Saint Patrick's Purgatory, the popular name for the saint's vision of Purgatory, is a famous place of pilgrimage. Saints' Island has ruins of a monastery.
Lough. For names of Irish lakes and inlets beginning with "Lough," see second part of element; e.g., for Lough Corrib, see Corrib, Lough. See lake.
Neagh, Lough, lake, 153 sq mi (396 sq km), 18 mi (29 km) long and 11 mi (18 km) wide, central Northern Ireland. This shallow lake is the largest freshwater body in the British Isles. Fed by the Upper Bann, Blackwater, and other streams and drained to the north by the Lower Bann, it has pollan, trout, and eel fisheries. Mesolithic humans are believed to have first appeared in Ireland (c.6000 B.C.) near the lake. According to a legend, quoted by Giraldus Cambrensis, the Norman-Welsh historian, and cited in Thomas Moore's "Let Erin Remember" (Irish Melodies), the lake occupies the site of a flooded town; buildings may sometimes be seen through the water.
Corrib, Lough, lake, 68 sq mi (176 sq km), Counties Galway and Mayo, W Republic of Ireland. The irregularly shaped lake, which is 27 mi (43 km) long, drains into Galway Bay through the Corrib River. It is connected by a partly subterranean channel with Lough Mask to the north. Lough Corrib is an important transportation route; it is also a major brown-trout fishery.
Allen, Lough, lake, 8 mi (12.9 km) long and 3 mi (4.8 km) wide, Co. Leitrim and Co. Roscommon, N Republic of Ireland. The upper Shannon River flows through the lake.
Swilly, Lough, inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, c.25 mi (40 km) long, Co. Donegal, NW Republic of Ireland. It is narrow and irregular in shape, with numerous islands. There is a lighthouse at Fanad Point. The resort town of Buncrana is on the eastern shore. On the lough, Wolfe Tone, an Irish revolutionary, was captured (1798) in an ill-fated insurrection against English rule.

A lough is a body of water and is either:

It can also be used as a surname, with various pronunciations: law, loch, low, lowe, loth, loff.

Lough is an Hiberno-English form of the Old Irish word loch, which means lake, or bay. The form loch is also used in Irish English and Scottish English. Lough is also used for some bodies of water in the far north of England.

Except when individually named, loughs are often referred to as lakes, fjords, estuaries, and sea inlets. Thus lake district and estuary bed may be used in preference to lough district and lough bed. (This practice is not followed to anything like the same degree in English use of loch.)

Irish loughs

Almost all lakes in Ireland are named as loughs in their anglicised form. Lough Neagh in Northern Ireland is the largest lake in the British Isles. The three on the River Shannon are Lough Allen, Lough Ree, and Lough Derg. Upper and Lower Lough Erne are two consecutive lakes in Fermanagh, an area often referred to as Ireland's lake district.

Sea loughs include Lough Swilly and Lough Foyle.

English loughs

In the north of England, lough survives in the name of some bodies of water and other place names. Many of these are in the vicinity of Hadrian's Wall, and also in the Lake District.

In surnames

Lough is itself an Irish surname, as well as being a compound in various other surnames, mostly derived fron specific Loughs, such as Loughan, Lougheed, Loughlin, Loughman, Loughnan, Loughnane, Loughney, Loughran and Loughrey.

See also

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