Loligo is a genus of squids and one of the most representative and widely distributed group of myopsid squids.
The genus was first described by Jean Baptiste Lamarck in 1798. However, the name had been used earlier than Lamarck (Schneider, 1784; Linnaeus, 1758) and might even have been used by Pliny. In the early nineteenth century, this generic name was often used as a grouping for all true squids.
Several species are commercially exploited, such as Loligo vulgaris and Loligo plei. Several species, for example Loligo vulgaris, are noted for being attracted to night light; they are therefore fished using different light attraction methods.
The genus includes of 2 subgenera
, though many species have yet to be sorted into subgenera:
- Subgenus Loligo (Alloteuthis) Wülker, 1920:
- Subgenus Loligo (Loligo) Lamarck, 1798:
- Subgenus undetermined:
- Spear Squid, Loligo bleekeri
- Patagonian Squid, Loligo gahi
- Bigeye Inshore Squid, Loligo ocula
- Opalescent Inshore Squid, Loligo opalescens
- Longfin Inshore Squid, Loligo pealeii
- Slender Inshore Squid, Loligo plei
- Roper Inshore Squid, Loligo roperi
- Sao Paulo Squid, Loligo sanpaulensis
- Surinam Squid, Loligo surinamensis
- Veined Squid, Loligo forbesii
- Siboga Squid, Loligo pickfordi
- Loligo vietnamensis