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List of historical highway markers in Hampshire County, West Virginia

This is a list of Hampshire County Historical Highway Markers in Hampshire County, in the U.S. state of West Virginia.

Capon Springs

West Virginia/Virginia

West Virginia

Virginia

Northwestern Turnpike

Fort Edwards

  • Inscription: Troops from this fort under Captain Mercer were ambushed in 1756 and many were killed. The French and Indians later attacked the fort but the garrison, aided by Daniel Morgan and other frontiersmen, repulsed the assault.
  • Location: U.S. Route 50, near junction with WV Secondary Route 14 (Cacapon River Road), Capon Bridge

Ice Mountain

Mount Bethel Church

  • Inscription: The Presbyterians established a church near here in 1792. At first called the Mountain Church in 1808, it became the nucleus of Presbyterian work in Hampshire County under the auspices of the Rev. John Lyle. The Rev. James Black reorganized the congregation in 1812 and the newly formed congregation was named Mount Bethel. The present church, built of logs in 1837, is the oldest house of worship in this county.
  • Location: WV Secondary Route 5 (Jersey Mountain Road), at junction with WV Secondary Route 5/4 (Three Churches Hollow Road), Three Churches

Bloomery Gap Skirmish/Bloomery Iron Furnace

Bloomery Gap Skirmish

Bloomery Iron Furnace

Oriskany Sand

Hampshire County/Mineral County

Hampshire County

Mineral County

  • Inscription: Formed from Hampshire in 1866 and named for its great mineral deposits. In Mineral County is Fort Ashby, the only standing unit in the chain of frontier forts which were built in 1755 under George Washington's order.
  • Location: West Virginia Route 28, west of Springfield

Hampshire County/Mineral County

Hampshire County

  • Inscription: Oldest county. Authorized, 1753, in act effective, May 1, 1754. Formed from Frederick and Augusta. Lord Fairfax, owner, named it for the English shire of the same name. Ice Mountain and Hanging Rocks are among its many natural wonders.

Mineral County

  • Inscription: Formed from Hampshire in 1866 and named for its great mineral deposits. In Mineral County is Fort Ashby, the only standing unit in the chain of frontier forts which were built in 1755 under George Washington's order.
  • Location: U.S. Route 50/U.S. Route 220, Junction

Hampshire County/Hardy County

Hampshire County

  • Inscription: Oldest county. Authorized, 1753, in act effective, May 1, 1754. Formed from Frederick and Augusta. Lord Fairfax, owner, named it for the English shire of the same name. Ice Mountain and Hanging Rocks are among its many natural wonders.

Hardy County

Oriskany Sand

  • Inscription: The massive, nearly vertical sandstone that outcrops at this location, and also forms the arch is the Oriskany of the driller and geologist. The "Oriskany Sand", an important gas sand, has produced in excess of a trillion cubic feet (28 km³) of gas in West Virginia.
  • Location: W.V. Route 28, about south of Springfield

Hanging Rocks

Fort Forman

Col. Claudius Crozet/Mechanicsburg Gap

Col. Claudius Crozet

  • Inscription: Col. Crozet, born in France, 1790; came to America, 1816. He taught mathematics at West Point six years. Named chief engineer of Virginia (1824); surveyed Northwestern Turnpike, 1825. Died 1864; buried in Shockee Hills, Richmond.

Mechanicsburg Gap

Indian Mound

"Stonewall" Jackson/Romney in 1861-1865

"Stonewall" Jackson

  • Inscription: Jackson arrived here Jan. 13, 1862, after capturing Bath (Berkeley Springs). Leaving Gen. Loring, he returned to Winchester. Loring's protest caused Jackson to resign but he reconsidered and his Valley Campaign followed.

Romney in 1861-1865

Romney/Early Memorial

Romney

  • Inscription: Incorporated as a town, 1762. Owned and laid off as a town by Lord Fairfax. Named for one of the five English Channel ports. Not far away was Fort Pearsall, built, 1756, as Indian defense. Town changed military control 56 times, 1861-1865.

Early Memorial

W. Va. School for Deaf and Blind

Hampshire County/Virginia

Hampshire County

  • Inscription: Oldest county; established by the Virginia Assembly, 1754. Formed from Frederick and Augusta. Lord Fairfax, owner, named it for the English shire of the same name. Ice Mountain and Hanging Rocks are among its natural wonders.

Virginia

  • Inscription: Named for Queen Elizabeth, the Virgin Queen of England. Site of the first permanent English settlement, 1607, in America. One of the 13 original colonies. Virginia is the birthplace of eight Presidents of the United States.
  • Location: West Virginia Route 127 (Bloomery Pike), at West Virginia/Virginia state line

Hampshire County/Morgan County

Hampshire County

  • Inscription: Oldest county; established by the Virginia Assembly, 1754. Formed from Frederick and Augusta. Lord Fairfax, owner, named it for the English shire of the same name. Ice Mountain and Hanging Rocks are among its natural wonders.

Morgan County

"Caudy's Castle"

  • Inscription: Named for James Caudy, pioneer and Indian fighter, who took refuge from the Indians on a mass of rocks overlooking Cacapon River during the French and Indian War (1754-1763). From his position on the Castle of Rocks, he defended himself by pushing the Indians, one by one with the butt of his rifle, over the precipice as they came single file along the narrow crevice of rocks. They fell 450-500 feet to the base along the edge of the Cacapon.
  • Location: West Virginia Route 127 (Bloomery Pike), east of West Virginia Route 29

Braddock's Gap

Oriskany Sand

  • Inscription: The pure massive sandstone forming Hanging Rock is the Oriskany of the driller and geologist. The "Oriskany Sand", an important gas sand, has produced in excess of a trillion cubic feet (28 km³) of gas in West Virginia.
  • Location: U.S. Route 50 and County Road 21, about east of Pleasant Dale

Blue's Gap Battle

  • Inscription: Confederate troops under Captain George F. Sheets were defeated by Colonel S. H. Dunning's 5th Ohio Infantry here, Jan. 7, 1862. North River Bridge and a number of buildings were burned by the Federals.
  • Location: U.S. Route 50, east of Romney

West Virginia/Virginia

West Virginia

  • Inscription: "The Mountain State"--western part of the Commonwealth of Virginia until June 20, 1863. Settled by the Germans and Scotch-Irish. It became a line of defense between the English and French during the French and Indian War, 1754-1763.

Virginia

  • Inscription: Named for Queen Elizabeth, the Virgin Queen of England. Site of the first permanent English settlement, 1607, in America. One of the 13 original colonies. Virginia is the birthplace of eight Presidents of the United States.
  • Location: U.S. Route 50, at West Virginia/Virginia state line

Hampshire County/Hardy County

Hampshire County

  • Inscription: Oldest county; established by the Virginia Assembly, 1754. Formed from Frederick and Augusta. Lord Fairfax, owner, named it for the English shire of the same name. Ice Mountain and Hanging Rocks are among its natural wonders.

Hardy County

  • Inscription: Formed from Hampshire in 1786. Named for distinguished Virginian, Samuel Hardy. In 1725, John Van Meter of New York visited the South Branch Valley. He praised it highly, so his sons acquired land and settled at Old Fields.

Location: West Virginia Route 259, at county line, Intermont

High Knob

  • Inscription: This peak on Hampshire-Hardy line rises a thousand feet above the surrounding hills to a height of more than half a mile. From it can be seen points in three counties. It overlooks "The Trough," famed for its history and scenery.
  • Location: U.S. Route 220 (northbound) south of Hickory Hill Road, near Hampshire-Hardy border

Pin Oak Fountain

  • Inscription: Pin Oak Fountain - Built by State Road Comm. and local artisans in 1932; land given by H.R. Edeburn. Crystal quartz quarried from behind nearby Bloomery iron furnace, and stone from hillside behind the fountain. Spring water, gravity fed from hill above, supplied area residents and travelers. Fountain was popular site for picnics, dances, courting, & auctions. Restored in 1988 and maintained by Pin Oak Extension Homemakers Club.
  • Location: West Virginia Route 29, southeast of Paw Paw in Hampshire Co., in community of Pin Oak

Ice Mountain

  • Inscription: Huge natural refrigerator, five miles (8 km) north along North River, where ice is found for several hundred yards on the hottest summer days. Raven Rock, on North Mountain, offers one of the finest views in West Virginia.
  • Location: U.S. Route 50, at junction with West Virginia Route 29 North

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