(pronounced /bɒθəl/) is a city located in King
Counties in the state
. The population was 30,150 at the time of the 2000 census. Prior to annexation and the 2000 census, the northern portions of Bothell which lie in Snohomish County were considered a part of the Alderwood Manor-Bothell North census-designated place
Prior to European settlement, the Sammamish River
Valley from Lake Washington
to Issaquah Creek south and upstream of Lake Sammamish was inhabited by a population of as many as 200 native Americans known as the Sammamish
. The Sammamish were relocated after the Puget Sound War
in 1856 to reservations and non-reservation lands.
In 1870, Columbus S. Greenleaf and George R. Wilson filed land claims in the area abandoned by the Sammamish near present-day Bothell, and built homes. Eight families followed over the next six years. In 1876, Canadian George Brackett bought land and began commercial logging out of a camp located on the north bank of the Sammamish River in what is now the heart of downtown Bothell. A store, school, and sawmill followed over the next several years.
In 1885, Brackett sold 80 acres to David Bothell, a settler from Pennsylvania. The town's first postmaster, who bought his property from Bothell, named the town in his honor in 1888. Later that same year, a local railroad was built through the town to transport coal from Issaquah. Bothell was officially incorporated on April 14, 1909.
Bothell continued to grow as logging expanded and boat traffic brought increasing amounts of goods and passengers up and down the river. As more people moved into the area, the Army Corps of Engineers decided to dredge and straighten the river in the years shortly after Bothell's incorporation. Most boat traffic came to an abrupt end only a few years later when Lake Washington was lowered in 1917. Water transport also shifted to trucks after a brick road was built from Seattle. The logging economy declined quickly around the same time, and the local economy shifted to farming.
After World War II, better highways and a post-war boom brought suburban development to Bothell. These new neighborhoods and a series of annexations dramatically expanded Bothell's population from about 1000 in 1950 to over 30,000 as of 2006. Bothell was mostly a bedroom community for people working in Seattle until the 1990s when business development brought new jobs to create a regional employment center with about 20,000 jobs, many in high technology sectors such as biotechnology and software development. In 2000, a branch campus of the University of Washington opened in Bothell, co-located with Cascadia Community College.
Bothell is located at (47.771670, -122.204421). The largest river is the Sammamish, which connects Lake Sammamish to Lake Washington.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.1 square miles (31.2 km²).None of the area is covered with water.
Bothell is a geographical oddity in that it straddles two counties (King County and Snohomish County). Because most streets in Bothell are numbered and not named, this has the unfortunate side-effect of causing all streets that cross the county line to change numbers. For example, 104th Avenue NE in King County becomes 23rd Avenue SE when it crosses into Snohomish County.
Bothell has several distinct neighborhoods. These include:
- Downtown Bothell, north of Bothell Way on the north side of the Sammamish River, was an area originally settled by pioneers and contains a business district along Main Street, and several blocks of residences at the foot of Beckstrom Hill. It also contains city hall and the police station, the Bothell Library, and Pop Keeney Stadium.
- Riverfront, south of Bothell Way and mostly along the south side of the river near Riverside Drive, contains Sammamish River Park, Blyth Park, several residences, and the Northshore Senior Center.
- Westhill is a mid-20th century residential expansion on the hill to the west of downtown, and includes Bothell High School and Westhill Elementary School.
- Maywood/Beckstrom Hill is a residential neighborhood on the hill north of downtown, and is the location of Maywood Hills Elementary School, Heritage Christian Academy and St. Brendan's Parish School.
- North Creek, named for Bothell's second-largest waterway, is a business and light industrial district with several large big box retail stores, and the production facility for the Seattle Times.
- Pioneer Hills is a residential community on the hills east of North Creek that borders Woodinville, and contains Woodin Elementary School.
- Norway Hill is a residential neighborhood overlooking downtown from the south. Most but not all of Norway Hill is outside the official city limits.
- Juanita is a residential neighborhood along Juanita Way between Wayne Curve and nearby Juanita. Wayne Golf Course is in Juanita.
- Queensgate is a residential neighborhood along Brickyard Road, south of the Sammamish River and adjacent to nearby Woodinville.
- Lake Pleasant/Country Village is the area bordering the wooded and winding portion of Bothell-Everett Highway between downtown and Canyon Park. Lake Pleasant hosts an RV park, and Country Village is an outdoor shopping center.
- Shelton View is a residential neighborhood north of Westhill in Snohomish County containing Shelton View Elementary.
- Canyon Park is a commercial and business district at the junction of Bothell-Everett Highway and Interstate 405, with several restaurants, shops, and grocery stores, along with several major employers.
- Fitzgerald is a southern extension of Canyon Park containing Canyon Park Junior High.
- Queensborough/Brentwood is a residential neighborhood west and north of Canyon Park, containing Frank Love Elementary School and Wallace Swamp Creek Park.
- Canyon Creek is the residential area east of Canyon Park and south of Maltby Road, with two elementary schools Canyon Creek Elementary, and Skyview Junior High School The schools are part of the Northshore School District.
- Thrasher's Corner is a retail district mostly outside the city limits of Bothell, that along with the residential Red Hawk neighborhood to the east is part of the city's official planning area.
- Mays Pond is a residential neighborhood just north of the Bothell's city limits containing Woodside and Cedar Wood Elementary Schools.
Prior to 1993, the nearby city of Woodinville was unincorporated, and some of its neighborhoods were considered part of Bothell and were being considered for annexation. The people of Woodinville voted in 1992 to incorporate, and incorporation was official early the next year.
Bothell is home to Cascadia Community College
and the University of Washington, Bothell
, which became a four-year degree-granting institution in the fall of 2006. The two institutions share the same campus, which opened in the year 2000, and are closely linked. After becoming accredited in 2006 Cascadia Community College was named the second best community college in the nation, behind Atlanta Technical College.
Schools for Bothell students in grades Kindergarten through 12th grade are part of the Northshore School District.
Government and Politics
Bothell has a Council-manager government
governed by a City Council
consisting of seven Council Members, each of whom is elected to a four year term. Council elections are held every two years, with either three or four positions standing, depending upon year. All positions are nonpartisan and at-large, elected by the entire city voting population. The Council passes ordinances and resolutions, approves the budget, sets policies and adjudicates issues, and elects from its own membership a Mayor and Deputy Mayor for two year terms.
Day to day affairs in the city are administered by a City Manager appointed by the council.
Major annual events throughout the year in Bothell include:
- The City of Bothell Freedom Festival, a two-day festival celebrating American Independence, including an annual 4th of July parade and a reenactment of the Battle of Concord on the Bothell Landing Bridge.
- The Music in the Park concert series, every Friday in July and August at Bothell Landing Amphitheater.
- Greater Bothell Arts & Crafts Fair
- City of Bothell Riverfest
- The Summits of Bothell bike ride
- La Fiesta Viva!, a celebration of Latino cultural heritage, at Country Village.
- Harvest Festival and Pumpkin Carving, at Country Village.
- Tree Lighting and Santa Arrival, at Bothell Landing.
Bothell's Pop Keeney Stadium hosts games for several local high schools.
In November 2006, Bothell High School's football team tied the national record for most overtime periods (9) in a quarter-final game against Pasco, which they won 43-40. The previous record was set in Michigan in 1977, between Southeastern (Detroit) and Northeastern, with Southeastern winning, 42-36. The team also had its first appearance in the state finals later that same season, which resulted in defeat to Oak Harbor High School.
The Bothell hockey club won the Washington High School Hockey League D2 State Championship in 2006 and 2007.
In December 1962, LIFE Magazine
recognized Bothell's 112-foot Christmas tree
as the largest living Christmas tree in the world. However, in the late 1970s, disease attacked the tree, and the top had to be removed.
In the 1996 Seattle rock documentary "Hype!", photographer Charles Peterson recalls that when he was growing up in Bothell the sign welcoming people to the town read "Welcome to Bothell, for a day or a lifetime," and an unknown person spray-painted over the "Bot" so that the sign would read "Welcome to hell, for a day or a lifetime."
In 2007, about 5,000 to 7,000 people gathered for a parade and outdoor concert at the Veterans Memorial Amphitheater at Bothell Landing in honor of local American Idol contestant Blake Lewis.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 30,150 people, 11,923 households, and 7,928 families residing in the city. The population density
was 2,501.5 people per square mile (966.1/km²). There were 12,303 housing units at an average density of 1,020.8/sq mi (394.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.28% White
, 1.16% African American
, 0.62% Native American
, 5.96% Asian
, 0.21% Pacific Islander
, 1.76% from other races
, and 3.00% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 4.44% of the population.
There are 11,923 households, out of which 33.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $59,264, and the median income for a family was $68,580. Males had a median income of $48,476 versus $34,385 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,483. About 3.6% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.
In the 2004 U.S. presidential election
, Bothell cast 56.29% of its vote for Democrat John Kerry
Bothell was until recently predominantly a bedroom community
with most of its residents working outside of the city. Starting in the 1990s, several businesses opened offices in Bothell, creating a regional employment center providing about 20,000 jobs. Many of these businesses are located in the Canyon Park and North Creek business districts.
Biotechnology is a key industry, with Sonus Pharmaceuticals, Seattle Genetics Incorporated, ICOS Corp, Alder Bio, Nastech, Eden, Amgen, Celltech, Nanogen (formerly Epoch Biosciences), and Blue Heron Biotechnology all opening in Bothell. Medical device manufacturers such as Aculight are also located in Bothell.
Computer technology, data, and telecommunications are well represented, and include companies such as AT&T, Kinesis, Leviton Voice & Data, Systems Interface, T-Mobile, Panasonic Avionics Corporation, Parity Corporation and Teltone.
Engineering firms, including electrical engineering, environmental engineering, and civil engineering, are well represented. Examples include SNC-Lavalin, RH2 Engineering, North Creek Analytical, ECS Engineering, and Path Engineers.
Bothell also has companies working on new or improved energy technologies, including Neah Power Systems.
The Seattle Times moved its main production facility to the North Creek business district in Bothell in 2001.
- Bryan Alvarez, wrestler
- Kyle Cease, comedian and actor
- Michael Dahlquist, musician
- Michael Dong, skateboarder
- Korel Engin, basketball player
- Ben Gibbard, musician (Death Cab for Cutie, The Postal Service)
- Blake Lewis, American Idol 2007 runner up
- Sanjaya Malakar, American Idol 2007 Top 7 finalist (attended Northshore Jr. High)
- Patty Murray, U.S. Senator
- Tracie Ruiz-Conforto, Olympic medalist in synchronized swimming
- Chris Walla, musician (Death Cab for Cutie)
- Doug Yule, musician