Definitions

log cabin

log cabin

log cabin or log house, style of home typical of the American pioneer on the Western frontier of the United States in the great westward expansion after 1765. It was constructed with few tools, usually an axe or an adz and an auger. All the fastenings were of wood. The log walls were chinked with mud to make them reasonably impervious to the wind. There was no glass, and greased paper might be used across window openings to let some light through. The shutters and doors were fastened on with wooden pegs. There was usually only one door. When the ridgepole of the roof was put in place, roughly hewn flat slabs were laid for a roof. Frequently there was no floor; if there was, it was usually of puncheons, logs split in half, placed with the flat sides up. The furniture was very often roughly made with the same tools that were used in making the house. All were of crude but efficient workmanship. In settlements where Native American attacks were feared the log houses were sometimes placed to form a protected rectangle. The blockhouse on the Western frontier was often made of logs. Log cabins were frequently built by community enterprise, a "house-raising" being an occasion for entertainment as well as work.

Log houses were unknown to Native Americans, and the first English settlers did not build them. They are known in some countries of Europe, especially Scandinavia, Germany, and Switzerland, and it is a generally accepted hypothesis that they were introduced in America by Swedish settlers on the Delaware in 1638. The log cabin was later adopted by the other settlers in America, and by the end of the 18th cent. at the latest the log house was the typical backwoods dwelling. It was universally used by settlers in the West until they reached the Great Plains, when the sod house appeared as the customary dwelling. Reappearing in the Rockies, the log house became a symbol of the frontier. In the late 20th cent. the log house experienced a minor resurgence in the United States, but the contemporary "log home" bears little resemblance to its colonial and frontier predecessors. The modern version is typically constructed from a kit that contains machine-notched and preservative-treated log-shaped lumber using contemporary building techiques and materials.

See H. R. Shurtleff, The Log Cabin Myth (1939, repr. 1967); C. A. Weslager, Log Cabin in America (1969).

Log Cabin is a city in Henderson County, Texas, United States. The population was 733 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Log Cabin is located at (32.223427, -96.022415).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.7 km²), all of it land.

The community and its neighbor, Caney City, are located on a peninsula at the southeast part of the Cedar Creek Reservoir.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 733 people, 303 households, and 206 families residing in the city. The population density was 691.3 people per square mile (267.0/km²). There were 548 housing units at an average density of 516.8/sq mi (199.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.59% White, 1.09% African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.55% from other races, and 0.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.73% of the population.

There were 303 households out of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 20.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 98.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,438, and the median income for a family was $28,125. Males had a median income of $17,188 versus $15,875 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,364. About 23.6% of families and 28.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.3% of those under age 18 and 13.5% of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

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