intentional closing up of a company, factory, or shop by an employer to prevent employees from working during a strike or labor dispute. The term lockout
is sometimes confused with the term strike
, since what employers will frequently designate as a strike
will in turn be referred to by workers as a lockout.
Lockouts have generally been regarded as legal by the courts, although in some cases they have been held unlawful if they violate the terms of a joint agreement.
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