Liddell Hart, Sir Basil Henry
, 1895-1970, English author and military strategist, b. Paris. His education at Cambridge was interrupted by World War I, in which he served (1914-18) and was twice wounded. Retiring from the army as a captain in 1927, he was military correspondent for the London Daily Telegraph
(1925-35) and the London Times
(1935-39). He was an early advocate of mechanized warfare, and his thinking had a profound effect upon the German high command prior to World War II. He also evolved a number of infantry tactics and training methods that were adopted by the British army. From 1937 to 1938 he was personal adviser to the British war minister, Leslie Hore-Belisha, and suggested a program of reorganization and reform that was partly instituted. He was knighted in 1966. In later years, he developed a strategic theory known as "an indirect approach." Among his numerous books are Sherman: Soldier, Realist, American
(1929), The Future of Infantry
(1933), A History of the World War, 1914-1918
(1934), The German Generals Talk
(1948), The Tanks
(1959), Deterrent or Defence
(1961), and A History of the Second World War
(1970). He edited The Rommel Papers
See his memoirs (2 vol., 1965-66).
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