lewis, c. s

Lewis, C(live) S(taples)

(born Nov. 29, 1898, Belfast, Ire.—died Nov. 22, 1963, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Eng.) Irish-born British scholar and writer. Lewis taught first at Oxford (1925–54) and later at Cambridge (1954–63). An early volume, the critical Allegory of Love (1936) on medieval and Renaissance literature, is often considered his finest scholarly work. He became known in England and the U.S. for several series of BBC radio broadcasts during the war years on the subject of Christianity. Many of his books embrace Christian apologetics; the best known is The Screwtape Letters (1942), a satirical epistolary novel in which an experienced devil instructs his young charge in the art of temptation. Also well known are The Chronicles of Narnia (1950–56), a series of seven children's stories (including The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe, 1950) that have become classics of fantasy; and a science-fiction trilogy, known mostly for its first volume, Out of the Silent Planet (1938).

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Club Sport Marítimo, or just Marítimo (pron. mɐ'ɾitimu, locally [mɐ'ɾitmu]), is a Portuguese sports club best-known for its football team that plays at the Estádio dos Barreiros in Funchal, Madeira Islands.

Their most recent foray into European competition came in 2004-05, when Gustavo Manduca's calm finish gave them a 1-0 lead after the first leg of the UEFA Cup first-round tie against Rangers F.C.. They went out on penalties after a tense second leg, but still maintain a formidable home record against European opposition, drawing with Juventus and beating the heavyweights Leeds United, whilst both clubs were in their heyday. Marítimo have also qualified for the UEFA Cup next season following a 5th placed finish in the BWINLIGA in 2007-08.

Marítimo are now regarded as an important club in Portugal, and are widely known throughout the Portuguese speaking world, in countries such as Brazil, Angola and Mozambique. The club's reserve team, C.S. Marítimo B, compete in the Portuguese Second Division.


Founded on September 20, 1910 as Club Português de Sport Marítimo, by Cândido Fernandes de Gouveia, the club adopted the red and green colours of the new Republican flag of Portugal, so as to distinguish themselves from rivals Club Sports da Madeira, who used the blue and white colours of the old monarchy flag, which had been replaced 15 days earlier. The name Marítimo, meaning Maritime in English, was used to reflect the fact that many of the team's players were workers of the nearby Funchal docks, a prominent employer at the time.

The first ever match for Marítimo was a 2-1 win against C.D. Santa Clara, a select team composed of workers of Western Telegraph Company, and soon after began playing teams of sailors from visiting British ships. José Rodrigues Barrinhas, an old-fashioned attacking centre-half, made a name for himself in these games and in matches against the rivals CS Madeira.


Marítimo's main local rivals are C.D. Nacional, although there is also plenty of ill-felling towards minnows C.F. União, who are effectively the 'third club of Madeira' after the aforementioned. The Madeira derby between Marítimo and Nacional is often associated with the clubs followers' differing culture and way of life. The fans of Nacional, being of a higher socio-economic status than those of Marítimo, are mainly lobbyists for the commercial expansion of Madeira, while the followers of Maritimo are usually of the working class This only exacerbates the ill-feeling between the clubs, which is made even more tense by the fact that controversial regional governor Alberto João Jardim is a self-confessed fan of Marítimo.

The rivalry heightened in the mid-1990s when Jardim proposed a plan to unite Madeira's three main clubs, who at the time were all competing in the top division. Nacional and União both pledged their support for the scheme, in a bid for Madeira to realistically contend with the "Big Three" for the league title, however Marítimo's fans rejected the idea in mass numbers, stamping their superiority on Madeira's footballing scene.

Marítimo's most famous victory over their rivals came on July 5, 1967, when they romped to a 10-3 win at home against Nacional, a game that is considered to be one of Marítimo's finest moments - Emanuel Freitas scored 4 of the 10 goals.


League and Cup history

As of the 2006/2007 season, the club has 27 presences at the top level of Portuguese football, where it has been continuously since the 1985-1986 season. Best classification ever was three 5th places.

Season Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Cup Europe Notes
1973-1974 2DS 5 38 18 6 14 69 54 42

first season
1974-1975 2DS 4 38 20 9 9 73 38 49

1975-1976 2DS 4 38 16 13 9 48 32 45

1976-1977 2DS 1 30 18 7 5 47 18 43

1977-1978 1D 12 30 8 7 15 22 45 23

1978-1979 1D 10 30 11 5 14 36 37 27

1979-1980 1D 11 30 9 8 13 25 37 26

1980-1981 1D 15 30 7 9 14 33 46 23

1981-1982 2DS 1 30 18 6 6 55 23 42

1982-1983 1D 14 30 8 9 13 26 38 25

1983-1984 2DS 2 30 16 11 3 51 19 43

1984-1985 2DS 1 30 23 5 2 64 15 51

1985-1986 1D 12 30 8 6 16 26 50 22

1986-1987 1D 12 30 9 7 14 34 49 25

1987-1988 1D 9 38 11 17 10 36 37 39

1988-1989 1D 12 38 10 15 13 40 41 35

1989-1990 1D 10 34 7 15 12 25 38 29

1990-1991 1D 10 38 12 10 16 37 48 34

1991-1992 1D 7 34 12 11 11 40 38 35

1992-1993 1D 5 34 15 7 12 56 48 37

UC 2nd round
1993-1994 1D 5 34 13 12 9 45 40 38

UC 1st round
1994-1995 1D 7 34 12 11 11 41 45 35 final

1995-1996 1D 9 34 12 7 5 39 53 43

1996-1997 1D 8 34 13 8 13 39 38 47

1997-1998 1D 5 34 16 8 10 44 35 56

1998-1999 1D 10 34 10 11 13 44 45 41


UC 1st round
1999-2000 1D 6 34 13 11 10 42 36 50

2000-2001 1D 11 34 12 7 15 34 37 43 final

2001-2002 1D 6 34 17 5 12 48 35 56 semi-final

UC 2nd round
2002-2003 1D 7 34 13 5 16 36 48 44

2003-2004 1D 6 34 12 12 10 35 33 48

2004-2005 1D 7 34 12 13 9 39 32 49

UC 1st round
2005-2006 1D 10 34 10 14 10 38 37 44


2006-2007 1D 12 30 8 8 14 30 44 32

4th round


Marítimo are known throughout the Portuguese speaking world and have significant fan bases in the former Portuguese colonies of Brazil, Angola and Cape Verde, as well as areas of North East United States, Canada, the United Kingdom (specifically Jersey and London) and South Africa.

The club also has a big fans base in Venezuela with sister club Club Sport Marítimo de Venezuela from Caracas, Venezuela, becoming national champions on several occasions. The club was founded in 1959 by Portuguese immigrants living in Caracas, who based their new club on their favourite team from back home in Madeira. Even today, strong ties are kept between both clubs and supporters from either side of the Atlantic ocean.

Closer to home, the club has a proud reputation of being one of the most supported clubs in Portugal after the Big three, and the most popular club on their home island of Madeira, outranking local rivals Nacional and União. The club has over 35,000 registered members (sócios) and two predominant groups of Ultras, the Esquadrão Maritimista and the Ultras Templários, the bigger and more infamous of the two.

There are several famous fans of Marítimo who have publicly declared their support for the team on various occasion, such as the multimillionaire businessman Joe Berardo and Madeira's Regional Governor, the controversial politician João Jardim.

The club was used a political vehicle in the 1970s during Madeira's fight for freedom and autonomy from mainland Portugal. Governor Jardim proclaimed his support of the club in order to gain votes and the backing from the people of Madeira, while the people in-turn supported Marítimo as a symbol of their pride and allegiance to Madeira.


Previously playing at the Campo do Almirante Reis until they moved out in 1957, Marítimo currently play their home games at the Estádio dos Barreiros, the municipality stadium of Funchal. Although uniquely picturesque, the stadium is rapidly ageing despite numerous facelifts over the years and, for the best part of a decade, the club has sought after an alternative site for a new stadium.

In October 2006, it was announced that the club would construct a new state-of-the-art stadium in the Praia Formosa area of West Funchal, named Estádio do Marítimo. However after several delays and a political war over funding and planning, the stadium plans were put on hold indefinitely, adding to a list of set-backs that stretch well over a decade. The fact that archrivals Nacional were allowed to construct a new stand and training facility at their Estádio da Madeira (with government backing) angered Marítimo's fans even more.

A year later, on September 14, 2007, an agreement between the club's directors and the Madeira government (of whom own a 40% share of the club) was reached to use the site of the current Estádio dos Barreiros as the location of a brand new, reconstructed commercial stadium. Initial plans proclaim that the new venue will be operational by 2010, Marítimo's centenary year.

Current squad

Current squad B

Former players

Former managers

See also: Marítimo managers

Other sports

Like many other Portuguese clubs, Marítimo operates several sports teams outside of the football team. Although they are most recognisably successful in professional volleyball (See C.S. Marítimo (volleyball)), the club also field a prominent handball team (See C.S. Marítimo (handball)) and a National Championship winning women's basketball. Other sports groups within the organisation include athletics, figure skating, fishing, futsal, karate, kart racing, rallying, rhythmic gymnastics, roller hockey, rugby union and swimming.

See also

External links

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