The plaintiff must also make a genuine effort to inform the defendant of the case through service of process, by which the plaintiff delivers to the defendant the same documents that the plaintiff filed with the court.
At any point during the case, the parties can agree to a settlement, which will end the case, although in some circumstances, such as in class actions, a settlement requires court approval in order to be binding.
Like a civil case, a criminal case may also be settled before a trial through a plea bargain, in some jurisdictions.
However, it is often more convenient to refer to cases, particularly landmark and otherwise notable cases, by a title of the form Claimant v. Defendant, for example Arkell v Pressdram. Where a legal proceeding does not have formally designated adverse parties, the form In re, Re, In the matter of, etc. is used, for example In re Gault. The "v" separating the parties is an abbreviation of the Latin versus, but in Commonwealth countries is expanded "and" or "against" when spoken, as in Dickens' Jarndyce and Jarndyce. Where it is considered necessary to protect the anonymity of a natural person, some cases may have one or both parties replaced by a standard pseudonym (Jane Roe in Roe v. Wade), or by an initial (D v D). The initial "R" may also be shorthand for the Crown, i.e. Rex/Regina (R v Adams). (For explanation of other terms that may appear in case titles, see the Transwiki:Glossary of legal terms.)
Patent Application Titled "Method and System for Administering a Legal Proceeding Using a Postcard Mailer with a Qr Code" Published Online
Jun 06, 2013; By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Politics & Government Week -- According to news reporting originating from Washington,...