lawn

lawn

[lawn]
lawn, grass turf or greensward cultivated in private yard or public park. A good lawn, or green, has both beauty and usefulness; its maintenance for golf, tennis, baseball, and other sports is a costly and specialized procedure. It requires good soil, frequent watering and mowing, and occasional rolling and fertilizing. Weed pests, such as dandelions and crabgrass, are eliminated by root removal or by spraying. Most lawn plants are types of clover and, especially, of grass. Bluegrass, white clover, and a few types of fescue and bent grass are most often selected for temperate climates in the United States. Bermuda grass, rye grass, St. Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum), and carpet grass (Axonopus affinus) are planted in warmer regions.

See U.S. Dept. of Agriculture bulletins; J. U. Crochett, Lawns and Ground Covers (1971).

A professional tennis court. The person serving stands behind the baseline, alternately to the elipsis

Game played with rackets and a light, elastic ball by two players or pairs of players on a rectangular court divided by a low net. Tennis is played indoors and outdoors, on hard-surface, clay, and grass courts. The object is to hit the ball over the net and into the opponent's half of the court in such a way as to defeat the opponent's attempt to reach and return it. Each player serves for an entire game. Points are scored as 15, 30, 40, and game (the term “love” is used for 0). A tied score (“deuce”) requires continued play until a two-point margin is achieved. The first player to win six games, with a lead of two games, takes the set. A match consists of the best two out of three (or three out of five) sets. Since the early 1970s, tiebreakers have been employed to eliminate marathon sets. Tennis developed in the 1870s in Britain from earlier racket-and-ball games. The first world lawn-tennis championship was held in 1877 at Wimbledon; clay- and hard-court competitions emerged later. Current international team tournaments include the Davis Cup for men and the Federation Cup (since 1963) for women's teams. The major tournaments for individual players constitute the “Grand Slam” of tennis: the national championships of Britain (Wimbledon), the U.S., Australia, and France.

Learn more about tennis with a free trial on Britannica.com.

or (trademark) Ping-Pong

Game similar to lawn tennis that is played on a tabletop with wooden paddles and a small, hollow, plastic ball. The object is to hit the ball so that it goes over the net and bounces on the opponent's half of the table in such a way as to defeat the opponent's attempt to reach and return it. Both singles and doubles games are played. A match consists of the best of any odd number of games, each game being won by the player or team who first reaches 11 points or who, after 10 points each, gains a two-point lead. Invented in England in the early 20th century, it soon spread throughout the world. Since the mid-1950s, East Asian countries have dominated the sport. It has been an Olympic sport for both men and women since 1988.

Learn more about table tennis with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Singles racket game resembling squash rackets, played with an inflated ball the size of a tennis ball. Played in virtually the same court as squash rackets, squash tennis makes fewer demands on the legs in pursuing the ball but puts a greater premium on agility and quickness of foot and reflexes in turning and spinning.

Learn more about squash tennis with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Variation of paddle tennis, played on a platform enclosed by a wire fence. It was devised in 1928 in Scarsdale, N.Y., U.S. The short-handled oval paddles are made of perforated plywood; the balls are made of sponge rubber. The rules are the same as for tennis, except that balls may be played off back or side walls after first striking inside the court.

Learn more about platform tennis with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Game like tennis that is played with a rectangular paddle and a slow-bouncing rubber ball on a small court. Frank P. Beal introduced it on New York playgrounds in the early 1920s. National championship tournaments are still held in the U.S. Seealso platform tennis.

Learn more about paddle tennis with a free trial on Britannica.com.

or lawn bowls or lawn bowling

Bowling game similar to the Italian boccie and the French boules played on a green with wooden balls (called bowls) that are rolled at a target ball (the jack). The object is to roll one's bowls so that they come to rest nearer to the jack than those of an opponent, sometimes achieved by knocking aside an opponent's bowl or jack. One point is awarded for each winning bowl. Depending on the game, players use four, three, or two bowls, and games end at 18 or 21 points.

Learn more about bowls with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Lawn is a town in Taylor County, Texas, in the United States. As of the 2000 census, the town population was 353.

Geography

Lawn is located at (32.135405, -99.748066).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.5 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 353 people, 137 households, and 100 families residing in the town. The population density was 625.5 people per square mile (243.4/km²). There were 162 housing units at an average density of 287.1/sq mi (111.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.88% White, 0.28% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.57% Pacific Islander, 1.13% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.22% of the population.

There were 137 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the town the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 101.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $28,281, and the median income for a family was $29,625. Males had a median income of $25,000 versus $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,347. About 15.2% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The town of Lawn is served by the Jim Ned Consolidated Independent School District.

References

External links

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