Definitions

Laibach

Laibach

[lahy-bahkh]
Laibach: see Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Laibach, Congress of, conference of European powers in 1821, held in what is now Ljubljana, Slovenia. The chief powers at the congress were Russia, Austria, Prussia, France, and Great Britain. The meeting was convened to complete discussions begun at the Congress of Troppau (see Troppau, Congress of). The congress caused the breach between Great Britain and the three conservative powers of Austria, Prussia, and Russia (popularly called the Holy Alliance) to widen. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies was present upon invitation, and the chief action of the congress was the sanctioning of the suppression by Austrian forces of uprisings in Naples and Piedmont.

(Jan. 26–May 12, 1821) Meeting of the Holy Alliance powers that set the conditions for Austrian intervention in and occupation of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies in action against the Neapolitan revolution (1820). The congress proclaimed its hostility to revolutionary regimes, agreed to abolish the Neapolitan constitution, and authorized the Austrian army to restore the absolutist monarchy. The British and French protested the decision.

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City (pop., 2002 prelim.: 257,338), capital of Slovenia. Located on the Ljubljanica River, it is surrounded by the northern Dinaric Alps. The site of the Roman city of Emona in the 1st century BC, it was destroyed in the 5th century AD and rebuilt by the Slavs as Luvigana. It passed to Carniola in the 12th century and came under Habsburg rule in 1277. Taken by the French in 1809, it was the administrative seat of the Illyrian Provinces until 1813 and the capital of the kingdom of Illyria from 1816 to 1849. It was the centre of Slovene nationalism under Austrian rule, and in 1918 it became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (later Yugoslavia). It remained the Slovene capital after Slovenia's independence in 1992. A railroad and commercial centre, it is the site of the University of Ljubljana (founded 1595).

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(Jan. 26–May 12, 1821) Meeting of the Holy Alliance powers that set the conditions for Austrian intervention in and occupation of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies in action against the Neapolitan revolution (1820). The congress proclaimed its hostility to revolutionary regimes, agreed to abolish the Neapolitan constitution, and authorized the Austrian army to restore the absolutist monarchy. The British and French protested the decision.

Learn more about Laibach, Congress of with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Laibach can refer to one of the following:

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Name

According to one of many theories about the origin of the name, Laibach is derived from German lai (tepid) + bach (brook).

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