Town (pop., 2008 prelim.: 62,529) and oasis, north-central Algeria. At the southern edge of the Atlas Mountains, it was built on two hills that are extensions of Mount Tizigarine. It was settled in the 11th century and came under Moroccan and Ottoman control. It was seized by the French in 1852 and reverted to Algeria in 1962.
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The city was founded in the 11th Century. In 1852, the French took over the city. Since 1962, it is Algerian.