See D. T. Suzuki, Zen Buddhism (1956); I. Miura and R. F. Sasaki, Zen Dust (1966); H. Dumoulin, A History of Zen Buddhism (1989).
In Zen Buddhism, a brief paradoxical statement or question used as a discipline in meditation. The effort to solve a koan is designed to exhaust the analytic intellect and the will, leaving the mind open for response on an intuitive level. There are about 1,700 traditional koans, which are based on anecdotes from ancient Zen masters. They include the well-known example “When both hands are clapped a sound is produced; listen to the sound of one hand clapping.”
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Sec. 73.653 Operation of TV aural and visual transmitters.The aural and visual transmitters may be operated independently of eachother or, if operated simultaneously, may be used with different andunrelated program material.
This means that KOAN-LP need not broadcast any particular image so long as it broadcasts a video signal and that the audio and video need not be technically synchronized.
The predominant reason for the move of the modern rock format to the FM band was that since Arbitron would not rate KZND-LP as a radio station, the operation consistently underperformed in terms of revenue. Despite KZND-LP's popularity among the Anchorage radio audience, Arbitron bowed to the wishes of Anchorage area radio groups who subscribed to the Arbitron service. Notably, this discrimination distorted the Arbitron ratings of the periods affected by omitting a significant portion of the Anchorage area radio listening audience from the statistics.
Arbitron has reportedly made some accommodations for providing ratings for WNYZ-LP, New York. However, the PPM rating system is not available in many radio markets and Arbitron ratings will not accurately reflect the radio audience so long as Arbitron omits low-power operations of the KZND-LP mold from overall market reporting.
It appears that the unusual strategy pioneered by licensee Fireweed Communications and previous operator, Ubik Broadcasting, may have a lasting impact -- in 2004, former TV weatherman Jeff Chang began his own low-power station on the Hawaiian island of Kauai, which he claims was inspired by KZND-LP. At least two other facilities, WNYZ-LP and KSFV-LP, are owned and operated under the same regulatory provisions by long time acquaintances of Jeremy Lansman, owner of KOAN-LP licensee Fireweed Communications.