Knowles, James Sheridan, 1784-1862, Anglo-Irish dramatist; cousin of Richard Brinsley Sheridan. Although he was one of the leading playwrights of his time, his works are seldom produced today. His chief plays, which are noted for their professional, workmanlike construction, include the tragedies Virginius (1820) and William Tell (1825) and the comedies The Hunchback (1832) and The Beggar of Bethnal Green (1834). In 1845, Knowles became a Baptist minister.
Knowles, John, 1926-2001, American writer, b. Fairmont, W. Va., grad. Yale, 1949. He is best known for his semiautobiographical first novel, A Separate Peace (1960), a coming-of-age story about a boy in a New England prep school during World War II. A sequel, Peace Breaks Out, appeared in 1981. His other novels include Morning in Antibes (1962), The Paragon (1971), Spreading Fires (1974), and A Vein of Riches (1979).
Knowles, William Standish, 1917-, American chemist, b. Taunton, Mass. He was a research chemist at the Monsanto Company for his entire career (1942-86). Knowles was awarded the 2001 Nobel Prize in Chemistry jointly with Ryoji Noyori and Barry Sharpless for the development of catalytic asymmetric synthesis, with the work of Knowles and Noyori focusing on hydrogenation and that of Sharpless on oxidation (see oxidation and reduction). Most molecules in nature exist in chiral forms (optical isomers) whose structures mirror each other, with one form often biologically active and the other inactive. Catalytic asymmetric synthesis, an enzymelike process that can quickly produce an excess of one of these chiral forms, has applications in the production of industrial biomaterials and pharmaceuticals.
Knowles is a town in Beaver County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 32 at the 2000 census.


Knowles is located at (36.873697, -100.192888).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²), all of it land.


As of the census of 2000, there were 32 people, 10 households, and 8 families residing in the town. The population density was 180.4 people per square mile (68.6/km²). There were 11 housing units at an average density of 62.0/sq mi (23.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.62% White, 9.38% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.00% of the population.

There were 10 households out of which 50.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.0% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.0% were non-families. 20.0% of all households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.20 and the average family size was 3.75.

In the town the population was spread out with 37.5% under the age of 18, 18.8% from 18 to 24, 9.4% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $24,583, and the median income for a family was $43,750. Males had a median income of $25,000 versus $20,833 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,887. There were 33.3% of families and 43.5% of the population living below the poverty line, including 62.5% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.


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