) was a common year starting on Monday
(link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar
(or a common year starting on Friday
of the 11-day slower Julian calendar
Events of 1798
January - June
July - December
- The first (anonymous) publication occurs of An Essay on the Principle of Population by Thomas Malthus.
- Franz Xaver, Baron Von Zach, scientific editor and astronomer, begins editing journals about navigation and the geographic positions of cities.
- The XYZ Affair in the U.S. is followed by naval skirmishes, but no war is declared.
- The first mechanical music boxes are built.
- Alessandro Volta discovers electricity.
- The Afghans Army occupies Lahore in Punjab.
- Timothy Dexter writes his autobiography A Pickle for the Knowing Ones or Plain Truth in a Homespun Dress.
- Aarau becomes the temporary capital of the Helvetic Republic.
- Alois Senefelder invents lithography.
- Eli Whitney contracts with the U.S. Federal Government for 10,000 rifles, which he produces with interchangeable parts.
- Charles Brockden Brown publishes the first American Novel Wieland or The Transformation an American Tale.
- The first census in Brazil counts 2 million blacks in a total population of 3.25 million.
- The Ayrshire (Earl of Carrick's Own) Yeomanry, a British Yeomanry Cavalry Regiment, formed by The Earl of Cassillis at Culzean Castle, Ayrshire in 1794, is adopted onto the British Army list.
- January 14 - Johan Rudolf Thorbecke, Dutch politician (d. 1872)
- January 17 - Auguste Comte, French sociologist (d. 1857)
- January 20 - Anson Jones, 5th and last President of the Republic of Texas (d. 1858)
- March 13 - Abigail Fillmore, First Lady of the United States
- April 2 - August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben, German writer (d. 1874)
- April 26 - Eugène Delacroix, French painter (d. 1863)
- April 28 - Duncan Forbes, British linguist (d. 1868)
- June 12 - William Abbot, English actor (d. 1843)
- June 14 - František Palacký, Czech historian and politician (d. 1876)
- June 29 - Giacomo Leopardi, Italian writer (d. 1837)
- October 2 - King Charles Albert of Sardinia (d. 1849)
- December 24 - Adam Mickiewicz, Polish writer (d. 1855)
- See also :Category: 1798 births.
- February 25 - Louis-Jules Mancini-Mazarini, Duc de Nivernais, French diplomat and writer (b. 1716)
- April 11 - Karl Wilhelm Ramler, German poet (b. 1725)
- April 29 - Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, German entomologist (b. 1723)
- May 19 - William Byron, 5th Baron Byron, English dueler (b. 1722)
- June 4 - Giacomo Casanova, Italian adventurer and writer (b. 1725)
- June 21 - John Kelly of Killanne, Irish republican
- June 25 - Thomas Sandby, English cartographer and architect (b. 1721)
- July 17 - Henry Joy McCracken, Irish republican
- July 21 - François Sebastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal (b. 1733)
- August 1 - François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers, French admiral (killed in battle) (b. 1753)
- August 18 - John Lewis Gervais, Revolutionary Provincial Congress 1775. State’s Committee of Safety from 1775 to 1781. South Carolina’s Senate in 1781 and 1782. Continental Congress 1782 and 1783. Died in Charleston, S.C. (b. 1741)
- August 21 - James Wilson, American politician (b. 1742)
- August 24 - Thomas Alcock, English clergyman (b. 1709)
- September 21 - George Read, American lawyer and signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1733)
- November 19 - Theobald Wolfe Tone, Irish republican (b. 1737)
- December 4 - Luigi Galvani, Italian physicist (b. 1763)
- See also :Category: 1798 deaths.