Definitions

kaoliang

kaoliang

[kou-lee-ang]
kaoliang: see sorghum.

Cereal grain plant of the family Poaceae (or Gramineae), probably native to Africa, and its edible starchy seeds. All types raised chiefly for grain belong to the species Sorghum vulgare, which includes varieties of grain sorghums and grass sorghums (grown for hay and fodder), and broomcorn (used in making brooms and brushes). The strong grass usually grows 2–8 ft (0.5–2.5 m) or higher. The seeds are smaller than those of wheat. Though high in carbohydrates, sorghum is of lower feed quality than corn. Resistant to drought and heat, sorghum is one of Africa's major cereal grains. It is also grown in the U.S., India, Pakistan, and northern and northeastern China. Substantial quantities are also grown in Iran, the Arabian Peninsula, Argentina, Australia, and southern Europe. The grain is usually ground into meal for porridge, flatbreads, and cakes.

Learn more about sorghum with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Kaoliang jiu (literally "sorghum liquor"; often called simply kaoliang or sorghum wine) is a strong distilled liquor, made from fermented sorghum (which is called gāoliáng in Chinese). It is made and sold in both mainland China and Taiwan, and also popular in Korea, where it is called goryangju (hangul: 고량주; hanja: 高梁酒). Kaoliang is an important product of the Taiwanese islands of Kinmen and Matsu. Kaoliang ranges between 38 and 63 percent alcohol by volume.

Famous Taiwanese kaoliang brands

金門高梁酒 (Hanyu Pinyin: jīnmén gāoliáng jiǔ) is one of the most popular brands of kaoliang in Taiwan. The name simply means 'Kinmen kaoliang'. As the name indicates, it is produced on the island of Kinmen. The mainstays of the range are the standard 58 percent and 38 percent alcohol bottlings.

玉山高粱酒 (Hanyu Pinyin: yùshān gāoliáng jiǔ) is produced by the Taiwan Tobacco and Liquor Corporation on the Taiwan island. It is named after the highest mountain in Taiwan, Yushan/Jade Mountain. One of the most notable products in the range is an 'X.O.' kaoliang aged for five years in tanks before bottling.

八八坑道高梁酒 (Hanyu Pinyin: bā bā kēngdào gāoliáng jiǔ) is produced by the Matsu Distillery on the island of Nankan, part of the Matsu archipelego. The name is derived from the name of an abandoned military tunnel which the distillery took over as storage space for their kaoliang and aged rice wine. It means 'Tunnel 88 kaoliang'. All of the distillery's aged kaoliangs are stored in the tunnel for at least five years.

Kaoliang in popular culture

References

See also

Search another word or see kaoliangon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature