Kane, Elisha Kent, 1820-57, American physician and arctic explorer, b. Philadelphia. Seeking adventure after medical school, Kane entered naval service and before he was 30 had seen many parts of the world and had served in the Mexican War. As senior medical officer he sailed (1850) on the first Grinnell expedition in search of the lost Franklin party. Kane's U.S. Grinnell Expedition in Search of Sir John Franklin (1853; repr. in part as Adrift in the Arctic Ice Pack, 1915) stirred such interest that he was able to organize and lead the second Grinnell expedition (1853-55). This expedition, of which the American physician and arctic explorer I. I. Hayes was medical officer, passed northward through Smith Sound at the head of Baffin Bay, discovered and explored Kane Basin, and discovered Kennedy Channel beyond. Several sledging journeys were undertaken, on one of which a record of lat. 80°10'N was achieved. Humboldt Glacier was sighted, and scientific observations resulted in valuable new information on the Arctic regions. Frozen in at Rensselaer Bay, the party abandoned ship, and Kane led a difficult retreat by land to Upernavik, Greenland. Kane's expedition had contributed more knowledge of Greenland than that of anyone before him. His health, never robust, was weakened by the rigors of his adventurous life, and he lived only long enough to complete his narrative of the second expedition, Arctic Explorations (1856), which had tremendous sales. The spiritualist Margaret Fox (see Fox sisters) claimed after his death that she had been his wife. The Love Life of Dr. Kane (1866) contains many of his letters to Margaret Fox.

See studies by J. Mirsky (1954, repr. 1971), O. M. Villarejo (1965), and G. W. Corner (1972).

Kane, John, 1860-1934, American primitive painter, b. Scotland. He came to Pittsburgh at the age of 19 and worked for years as a day laborer, painting in his spare time. His paintings exhibit a delight in precise pattern and a sturdy disregard for academic conventions. Examples of his work are Across the Strip (Phillips Memorial Gall., Washington, D.C.) and his striking self-portrait (1929; Mus. of Modern Art, New York City).

See his autobiography (1938).

Kane, Paul, 1810-71, Canadian painter, b. Ireland. Kane went to Toronto as a child. He studied art in the United States (1836-41) and in Europe (1841-45). After his return to Canada (1845) he made an extended journey into the Hudson's Bay Company territories of W Canada, traveling by snowshoe, horseback, and canoe to paint the Native Americans of the region. He returned to E Canada in 1848. Most of the paintings resulting from his journey are in the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, and in the Parliament buildings, Ottawa. His account of his journey appeared as Wanderings of an Artist among the Indians of North America (1859; new ed. with title Paul Kane's Frontier, incl. biography and catalog by J. R. Harper, 1971).
Kane is a village in Greene County, Illinois, United States. The population was 459 at the 2000 census.


Kane is located at (39.190666, -90.352570).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.4 km²), all of it land.


As of the census of 2000, there were 459 people, 174 households, and 128 families residing in the village. The population density was 847.8 people per square mile (328.2/km²). There were 185 housing units at an average density of 341.7/sq mi (132.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.47% White, 0.22% Native American, 0.22% Asian, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.22% of the population.

There were 174 households out of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.9% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.9% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the village the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.8 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $28,125, and the median income for a family was $31,250. Males had a median income of $25,938 versus $18,125 for females. The per capita income for the village was $11,325. About 10.0% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.


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