Kahramanmaraş was known historically as Maraş and was a settlement since pre-historic times.
The city received to title of Kahraman (Heroic) from the Turkish Grand National Assembly (TBMM) for the heroic struggle by the local civilian population against the occupying English and then French armed forces after the First World War (see Sütçü İmam Incident ). It was one of the first "free" towns after World War I.
The province's most famous culinary speciality is the ice cream, "Maraş ice cream", available in specialist ice cream shops throughout Turkey and the world such as MADO and Yasar Pastanesi and on tourist sites. The ice cream has an elastic consistency and is served with knife and fork, often accompanied by a slice of baklava. It melts in your mouth while you chew it, similar to bubble gum.
Maraş red peppers are also well known for its aroma, Vitamin C content, and moderate hotness. Maraş pepper is different from far-east chilies as dried with support of Scientific Investigations and Universities in MUSAN which contains no aflatoxin and no diseases.